The history of the United States is large as well as complicated, however can be broken down right into milestones and also time periods that divided, linked, and also altered the United States right into the country it is now. The American flag did not look like it does now. Other than that, it undertook a lot of modifications and also alterations.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Sometimes described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 as well as allowed the original 13 colonies to stay independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution eventually made its way to the United States and changed the focus of the nation’s economic situation and the means it produces products.
These tensions occurred from growing stress between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies as well as the early american government (which stood for the British crown). Efforts by the British federal government to elevate earnings by collectin tax from the colonies (especially the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and also the Tea Act of 1773) met with heated protest among several colonists, that disliked their lack of representation in Parliament and required the very same legal rights as other British citizens.
George Washington was made its commander in chief. Congress hoped they could force the British to discuss however George III refused to compromise. Rather, in August 1775 he proclaimed that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By June 1776, with the Revolutionary War in progress, an expanding majority of the colonists had come to prefer freedom from Britain. That exact same year Richard Henry Lee of the Virginia Assembly offered Congress with resolutions proclaiming the independence of the colonies, requiring a confederation and also shared the need to find international allies for a war against Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress elected to embrace the Declaration of Independence, drafted by a five-man committee including Franklin and also John Adams but written primarily by Jefferson. By the fall of 1781, the American forces had managed to compel the enemy to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties right into Chesapeake Bay. Backed up by a French army commanded by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total of around 14,000 soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French warships offshore avoided British reinforcement or evacuation. Entrapped and subdued, the enemy was compelled to surrender their whole army. Stating illness, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, who accepted it. After French help helped the Continental Army compel the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had effectively won their freedom, though combatting would not officially end til 1783.
Though the movement for American freedom successfully triumphed at Yorktown, contemporary observers did not see that as the crucial victory yet. British forces remained posted around Charleston, and the effective main army still stayed in New York. The British removal of their soldiers from Charleston and also Savannah in late 1782 ultimately pointed to the end of the dispute. British and American mediators in Paris authorized preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally identified the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris. At the same time, Britain authorized different peace treaties with France and Spain (which had entered the conflict in 1779), bringing the American Revolution to a close after 8 long years.
Just how the American Flag became
The American flag was created to stand for the brand-new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red as well as white, as well as thirteen stars, white on a blue area. Among the initial flags had actually the stars arranged in a circle, based upon the idea that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side-by-side, stood for the struggle for independence; red represented valor, white signified purity and also blue represented loyalty.
In 1818, after a few style modifications, the United States Congress chose to maintain the flag’s original thirteen stripes and also include new stars to reflect each brand-new state that entered the union.
While there is no question that the real Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the tale of Betsy stitching the very first stars and stripes that has actually made her a memorable historical number. The Betsy Ross story was given spotlight in 1870 by her grand son, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also other participants of Betsy’s family authorized sworn affidavits stating that they heard the story of the production of the very first flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, saw Betsy Ross in her furniture store. On a paper Washington revealed, was an illustration of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes and thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the style. Betsy responded: “I don’t know, yet I will certainly try.” This line was used in the vouched declarations of a lot of Betsy’s relatives, suggesting that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy suggested changing the stars to five points rather than 6. She showed them how you can do it with just one snip of her scissors. They all agreed to transform the design to have stars with 5 points.
Some historians think that it was Francis Hopkisnon who offered birth to the concept of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a preferred patriot, a legal representative, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, and also distinguished civil servant.
He was assigned to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his attention to designing the flag of the United States. The use of stars in that style is thought to have been the result of an experience in the battle straightly pertaining to his propriety.
A publication in Hopkinson’s library at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had actually been a present to him by the writer. The soldier, an I. Ewald, wrote on the within cover that he had seen the author near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had taken the book from a fine nation seat near Philadelphia. The book was consequently provided to someone in Philadelphia who returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had composed over and also listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 six pointed stars as well as his family adage, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The secure return of the book might well have symbolized to Hopkinson the revival of the Americans’ hope.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had designed “the flag of the United States of America” as well as several ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and also Treasury, as well as the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had obtained nothing for this work, as well as now he sent a bill and asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a reasonable and appropriate reward for his labors.
Nevertheless, no one can be so sure who produced the American flag. The American flag is the spiritual emblem of the nation. It symbolizes the citizens’ birthright, their heritage of liberty acquired with blood and sadness. The title deed of freedom, which is the country’s to take pleasure in and also keep in trust for posterity. Infinite watchfulness is the cost of liberty. As you see the flag silhouetted against the serene skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for what you are – no more, no less.
Best American Flags in state of Massachusetts
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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