The history of the United States is vast and also complicated, yet can be broken down right into moments as well as time periods that split, linked, as well as transformed the United States right into the nation it is today. The American flag did not resemble like it does currently. Apart from that, it underwent a lot of changes and adjustments.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. In some cases described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 and permitted the initial 13 colonies to remain independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution eventually made its way to the United States and also altered the emphasis of the nation’s economic climate and the way it manufactures items.
These problems emerged from expanding tensions between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies as well as the early american government (which stood for the British crown). Attempts by the British federal government to increase profits by taxing the colonies (especially the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and also the Tea Act of 1773) met with heated protest amongst several colonists, that resented their absence of representation in Parliament and also required the same civil liberties as other British subjects.
George Washington was made its commander in chief. Congress wished they can compel the British to bargain yet George III refused to compromise. Rather, in August 1775 he declared that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By the autumn of 1781, the American army had actually managed to force the enemy to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River clears right into Chesapeake Bay. Claiming health problems, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington provided the nod to his very own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, that accepted it. After French assistance helped the Continental Army compel the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually properly won their self-reliance, though the war would certainly not officially end until 1783.
The movement for American freedom effectively won at Yorktown, modern observers did not see that as the decisive triumph. British as well as American negotiators in Paris signed initial peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally acknowledged the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
Just how the American Flag came to be
The American flag was designed to represent the new union of the thirteen original states: it would have thirteen stripes, alternate red and also white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue area. One of the first flags had the stars set up in a circle, based upon the idea that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side-by-side, represented the battle for freedom; red meant valiance, white signified purity as well as blue represented loyalty.
In 1818, after a few design changes, the United States Congress decided to maintain the flag’s initial thirteen stripes and add brand-new stars to reflect each brand-new state that entered the union.
While there is no doubt that the actual Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy stitching the initial stars and stripes that has made her an extraordinary historic figure. The Betsy Ross story was brought to public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby as well as various other participants of Betsy’s family members authorized vouched affidavits mentioning that they heard the story of the making of the first flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
Based on the oral history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her furniture store. She escorted them to her parlor, where they can have a private meeting. Here, Washington pulled a folded piece of paper from his inside coat pocket. On it, was an illustration of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes and also thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the design. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, but I will certainly attempt.” This line was made use of in the sworn statements of many of Betsy’s members of the family, recommending that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended altering the stars to 5 points rather than six. She demonstrated to them the best ways to do it with simply one snip of her scissors. They all agreed to alter the style to have stars with 5 points.
Some historians think that it was Francis Hopkisnon who provided birth to the suggestion of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a preferred patriot, a lawyer, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, and also distinguished civil servant.
He was selected to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his attention to creating the flag of the United States. The use of stars in that style is believed to have been the outcome of an experience in the war straightly pertaining to his propriety.
A publication in Hopkinson’s library at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had actually been a gift to him by the writer. The soldier, one I. Ewald, wrote on the within cover that he had actually seen the writer near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had taken the book from a great country seat near Philadelphia. The book was subsequently provided to a person in Philadelphia who returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had written above as well as below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three 6 pointed stars and his household motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The safe return of the book might well have actually symbolized to Hopkinson the resurgence of the Americans’ wish.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had actually created “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to numerous ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and Treasury, as well as the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had actually obtained absolutely nothing for this work, and also now he sent a bill as well as asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a practical and also correct incentive for his labors.
Even so, nobody could be so certain who created the American flag. The American flag is the spiritual symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the calm skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag stands for what you are – no more, no much less.
Top American Flags in state of Arkansas
As taken from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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