The background of the United States is large as well as intricate, yet can be broken down right into milestones as well as periods that split, combined, and also transformed the United States right into the nation it is today. The American flag really did not look like it does currently. Aside from that, it went through a great deal of adjustments and also alterations.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Sometimes described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a dispute which lasted from 1775-1783 and also enabled the initial 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution at some point made its way to the United States and changed the emphasis of the nation’s economy and also the method it manufactures items.
These problems arose from expanding stress between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies as well as the colonial government (which represented the British crown). Efforts by the British federal government to raise income by collectin tax from the colonies (especially the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and also the Tea Act of 1773) met with heated demonstration amongst numerous colonists, that disliked their lack of representation in Parliament and also demanded the very same civil liberties as various other British citizens.
The Continental Congress met in May 1775 and also accepted to create an army. George Washington was made its leader. Congress hoped they might require the British to bargain yet George III chose not to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he stated that all the American colonies were in a state of disobedience. At the same time, rule by royal governor broke down as well as the people required government without imperial interference. In May 1776 Congress determined that royal government must stop as well as government needs to be ‘for the people’. Consequently the colonies formulated state constitutions to change their charters.
By June 1776, with the Revolutionary War in progress, an expanding majority of the colonists had actually come to prefer freedom from Britain. That very same year Richard Henry Lee of the Virginia Assembly offered Congress with resolutions proclaiming the self-reliance of the colonies, calling for a confederation and also expressed the have to find foreign allies for a battle versus Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress voted to take on the Declaration of Independence, prepared by a five-man committee including Franklin as well as John Adams yet composed mainly by Jefferson. By the fall of 1781, the American forces had managed to compel the enemy to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties right into Chesapeake Bay. Supported by a French military led by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total amount of around 14,000 soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French warships offshore avoided British support or escape. Entrapped and overpowered, the opponent was forced to surrender their entire army. Claiming health problems, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to give up; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his very own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, that accepted it. After French support helped the Continental Army require the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had successfully won their freedom, though fighting would certainly not formally finish up until 1783.
The motion for American freedom efficiently won at Yorktown, modern historians did not see that as the crucial victory. British armies continued to be based around Charleston, and also the powerful major military still resided in New York. The British exit of their troops from Charleston and also Savannah in late 1782 lastly pointed to the end of the conflict. British and also American mediators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain officially acknowledged the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris. At the same time, Britain authorized separate peace treaties with France and also Spain (which had actually entered the dispute in 1779), bringing the American Revolution to a close after eight long years.
How the American Flag became
The American flag was created to represent the new union of the thirteen initial states: it would have thirteen stripes, alternating red and white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue field. One of the first flags had actually the stars arranged in a circle, based upon the suggestion that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side-by-side, stood for the struggle for freedom; red represented valor, white signified purity and blue represented commitment.
In 1818, after a few design adjustments, the United States Congress made a decision to keep the flag’s original thirteen stripes and add brand-new stars to show each brand-new state that got in the union.
While there is no doubt that the actual Betsy Ross deserved interest in her very own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the very first stars and stripes that has actually made her a remarkable historic figure. The Betsy Ross tale was offered public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and various other members of Betsy’s family members signed vouched testimonies stating that they heard the tale of the making of the initial flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
Based on the oral history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her upholstery store. She accompanied them to her parlor, where they can have a private meeting. Right here, Washington took a folded up piece of paper from his inside coat pocket. On it, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes and also thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy can make a flag from the design. Betsy responded: “I do not know, however I will certainly attempt.” This line was used in the sworn statements of many of Betsy’s household members, suggesting that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the tale goes, Betsy suggested changing the stars to five points rather than six.
Nevertheless, some historians think that it was Francis Hopkisnon who gave birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a popular patriot, a lawyer, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, as well as identified civil servant.
He was appointed to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his focus on designing the flag of the United States. Using stars because design is thought to have been the result of an experience in the battle straightly pertaining to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s collection at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had actually been a gift to him by the author. The soldier, an I. Ewald, wrote on the within cover that he had actually seen the writer near Philadelphia which he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a fine nation seat near Philadelphia. The book was ultimately provided to somebody in Philadelphia that returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had written over as well as listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three six pointed stars and also his household motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The safe return of the book might well have signified to Hopkinson the resurgence of the Americans’ hope.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had actually developed “the flag of the United States of America” along with several ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and also Treasury, and also the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had actually obtained nothing for this job, and also now he submitted a bill as well as asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a practical and proper incentive for his labors.
Even so, no one can be so certain who produced the American flag. The American flag is the sacred emblem of the country. It symbolizes the citizens’ birthright, their heritage of liberty purchased with blood as well as sadness. The title deed of freedom, which is the nation’s to delight in as well as keep in trust for posterity. Timeless watchfulness is the cost of freedom. As you see the flag silhouetted against the calm skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for just what you are – no more, no less.
Top American Flags in state of Utah
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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