The background of the United States is substantial and intricate, yet can be broken down right into moments as well as time periods that divided, linked, and also transformed the United States into the nation it is now. The American flag really did not look like it does currently. Other than that, it went through a great deal of adjustments as well as alterations.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 and allowed the initial 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution at some point made its path to the United States and also changed the emphasis of the country’s economy and the means it produces items.
For more than 10 years prior to the outbreak of the revolution in 1775, tensions had been developing between colonists as well as the British authorities. These stress emerged from growing tensions between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the early american government (which stood for the British crown). Efforts by the British government to raise earnings by collecting tax from the colonies (especially the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and also the Tea Act of 1773) met negative protest amongst several colonists, who disliked their absence of representation in Parliament and demanded the very same civil liberties as other British citizens. Colonial resistance brought about violence in 1770, when British soldiers opened fire on a crowd of colonists, killing five men in just what was called the Boston Massacre. After December 1773, when a band of Bostonians dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded British ships and unloaded 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor, an outraged Parliament passed a collection of steps (known as the Intolerable, or Coercive Acts) made to reassert royal authority in Massachusetts.
George Washington was made its commander-in-chief. Congress hoped they could force the British to work out but George III rejected to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he stated that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By June 1776, with the Revolutionary War in full swing, a growing bulk of the colonists had actually pertained to prefer self-reliance from Britain. That very same year Richard Henry Lee of the Virginia Assembly offered Congress with resolutions proclaiming the self-reliance of the colonies, asking for a confederation as well as shared the have to discover international allies for a battle against Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress elected to embrace the Declaration of Independence, prepared by a five-man board including Franklin as well as John Adams yet composed primarily by Jefferson. By the fall of 1781, the American army had actually managed to force the adversary to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River clears into Chesapeake Bay. Backed up by a French military led by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total of around 14,000 soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French warships offshore stopped British support or evacuation. Entrapped and also subdued, the opponent was required to surrender their entire military. Claiming illness, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his very own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, that accepted it. After French support helped the Continental Army force the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had effectively won their freedom, though combatting would not formally finish til 1783.
The movement for American freedom efficiently triumphed at Yorktown, contemporary observers did not see that as the definitive victory. British armies continued to be stationed around Charleston, and the powerful major military still stayed in New York. The British exit of their troops from Charleston and Savannah in late 1782 ultimately indicated the end of the dispute. British as well as American negotiators in Paris authorized initial peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally identified the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris. At the same time, Britain authorized different peace treaties with France and Spain (which had entered the conflict in 1779), bringing the American Revolution to a close after eight long years.
How the American Flag came to be
The American flag was created to stand for the brand-new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red as well as white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue field. Among the very first flags had the stars laid out in a circle, based upon the suggestion that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side-by-side, stood for the struggle for independence; red meant valor, white signified pureness and blue stood for commitment.
In 1818, after a couple of design modifications, the United States Congress chose to keep the flag’s initial thirteen stripes and also include brand-new stars to show each brand-new state that entered the union.
While there is no question that the real Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the first stars and stripes that has made her a remarkable historical figure. The Betsy Ross story was given spotlight in 1870 by her grand son, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also various other members of Betsy’s family members signed vouched affidavits stating that they listened to the story of the production of the initial flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
Based on the narrative history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her upholstery shop. She accompanied them to her parlor, where they can have a private meeting. Right here, Washington pulled a folded piece of paper from his inside jacket pocket. On it, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes as well as thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy might make a flag from the style. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, but I will certainly try.” This line was used in the sworn statements of many of Betsy’s household members, suggesting that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the tale goes, Betsy recommended changing the stars to 5 points rather compared to six.
Nevertheless, some historians believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon who brought to life the concept of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a popular patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, as well as identified civil servant.
He was designated to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his focus on designing the flag of the United States. Using stars in that design is believed to have actually been the result of an experience in the battle directly related to his propriety.
A publication in Hopkinson’s collection at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The soldier, one I. Ewald, wrote on the within cover that he had actually seen the writer near Philadelphia as well as that he, Ewald, had taken the publication from a fine nation seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually written over and also below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three six pointed stars as well as his family motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had developed “the flag of the United States of America” as well as several ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship papers, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and also Treasury, and also the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had actually received nothing for this job, and also currently he sent a bill and asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be an affordable and also appropriate reward for his labors.
Even so, no one could be so certain who developed the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the calm skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for just what you are – no more, no less.
Best American Flags close to West Virginia state
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
ZIP codes in Cass we serve: 24927