The history of the United States is large and also complex, yet can be broken down into moments as well as periods that divided, linked, as well as transformed the United States into the nation it is now. The American flag did not resemble like it does currently. Other than that, it undertook a great deal of adjustments as well as modifications.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. In some cases described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 and also enabled the original 13 colonies to stay independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution at some point made its way to the United States and changed the focus of the country’s economic situation as well as the method it manufactures items.
These conflicts occurred from expanding tensions between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and also the early american government (which represented the British crown). Attempts by the British federal government to elevate income by taxing the colonies (especially the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met with negative objection amongst several colonists, that disliked their absence of depiction in Parliament and also required the very same legal rights as various other British subjects.
The Continental Congress convened in May 1775 as well as accepted to raise an army. George Washington was made its commander in chief. Congress hoped they could force the British to bargain however George III chose not to compromise. Instead, in August 1775 he proclaimed that the American colonies were in a state of rebellion. Rule by royal governor broke down and the individuals demanded government without imperial intervention. In May 1776 Congress chose that imperial government ought to stop as well as government needs to be ‘for the people’. Consequently the colonies created state constitutions to change their charters.
By the fall of 1781, the American forces had actually managed to require the enemy to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Stating health problems, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington provided the nod to his very own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, that approved it. After French support assisted the Continental Army require the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually properly won their independence, though the war would certainly not officially end until 1783.
The movement for American independence properly won at Yorktown, contemporary historians did not see that as the definitive victory. British and also American mediators in Paris authorized initial peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally acknowledged the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
How the American Flag came to be
The American flag was developed to stand for the new union of the thirteen initial states: it would have thirteen stripes, alternate red as well as white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue area. One of the initial flags had actually the stars laid out in a circle, based on the idea that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side by side, stood for the battle for freedom; red represented valor, white signified pureness and also blue stood for commitment.
In 1818, after a few design adjustments, the United States Congress decided to maintain the flag’s initial thirteen stripes and also include new stars to reflect each new state that got in the union.
While there is no question that the real Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the initial stars and stripes that has made her an extraordinary historic figure. The Betsy Ross story was given spotlight in 1870 by her grand son, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also various other participants of Betsy’s family authorized sworn testimonies mentioning that they heard the tale of the production of the first flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
According to the dental history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, visited Betsy Ross in her upholstery shop. On a paper Washington revealed, was an illustration of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes as well as thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy can make a flag from the design. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, but I will try.” This line was used in the sworn statements of numerous of Betsy’s family members, suggesting that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended altering the stars to 5 points instead than six.
Some people think that it was Francis Hopkisnon that gave birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, as well as distinguished civil servant.
He was appointed to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his attention to creating the flag of the United States. The use of stars in that layout is thought to have been the result of an experience in the war straightly pertaining to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s collection at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The soldier, one I. Ewald, created on the inside cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia as well as that he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a great country seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually created above as well as listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three six pointed stars and also his family adage, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had actually created “the flag of the United States of America” along with numerous ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship papers, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and Treasury, as well as the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had obtained nothing for this job, and now he sent a bill and also asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a sensible and correct reward for his labors.
Even so, nobody can be so certain that created the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the country. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the peaceful skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag stands for just what you are – no more, no less.
Top American Flags close to state of Vermont
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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