The history of the United States is vast and also complicated, yet can be broken down into milestones as well as periods that separated, linked, and also transformed the United States right into the nation it is today. The American flag did not appear like it does currently. Other than that, it went through a great deal of changes and also adjustments.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. In some cases referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 and permitted the initial 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution ultimately made its way to the United States and also changed the focus of the nation’s economic climate as well as the means it produces products.
These conflicts developed from expanding tensions in between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies as well as the colonial government (which represented the British crown). Efforts by the British federal government to raise income by taxing the colonies (especially the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 as well as the Tea Act of 1773) met with violent objection amongst lots of colonists, that disliked their lack of depiction in Parliament and required the very same civil liberties as other British citizens.
George Washington was made its leader. Congress wished they might force the British to discuss yet George III refused to compromise. Instead, in August 1775 he stated that all the American colonies were in a state of disobedience.
By June 1776, with the Revolutionary War in progress, an expanding majority of the colonists had come to prefer freedom from Britain. That same year Richard Henry Lee of the Virginia Assembly presented Congress with resolutions stating the self-reliance of the colonies, requiring a confederation and expressed the have to find foreign allies for a battle against Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress elected to take on the Declaration of Independence, composed by a five-man board consisting of Franklin as well as John Adams yet created mostly by Jefferson. By the fall of 1781, the American army had actually managed to require the enemy to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River clears right into Chesapeake Bay. Supported by a French military commanded by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total amount of around 14,000 soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French battleships offshore avoided British support or evacuation. Entrapped as well as subdued, the enemy was required to surrender their entire military. Claiming illness, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, who approved it. After French help aided the Continental Army require the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually effectively won their independence, though the war would certainly not formally end up until 1783.
The motion for American freedom properly won at Yorktown, modern observers did not see that as the decisive triumph. British and American arbitrators in Paris signed initial peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally identified the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
Exactly how the American Flag became
The American flag was designed to stand for the new union of the thirteen initial states: it would have thirteen stripes, alternate red and white, as well as thirteen stars, white on a blue field. One of the very first flags had actually the stars laid out in a circle, based on the suggestion that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side by side, represented the battle for independence; red represented valor, white signified pureness as well as blue stood for loyalty.
In 1818, after a few design changes, the United States Congress decided to keep the flag’s original thirteen stripes and also add brand-new stars to reflect each brand-new state that got in the union.
While there is no doubt that the real Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her very own right, it is the tale of Betsy stitching the very first stars and stripes that has made her an unforgettable historic number. The Betsy Ross story was offered spotlight in 1870 by her grand son, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and various other participants of Betsy’s family members authorized sworn testimonies mentioning that they heard the tale of the making of the first flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the dental history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her upholstery store. On a paper Washington showed, was a sketch of a flag with thirteen red as well as white stripes as well as thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy might make a flag from the layout. Betsy responded: “I do not know, but I will certainly attempt.” This line was utilized in the vouched statements of many of Betsy’s family members, suggesting that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended transforming the stars to 5 points rather than 6.
Some people think that it was Francis Hopkisnon that gave birth to the concept of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a popular patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, and also distinguished civil servant.
He was appointed to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his attention to designing the flag of the United States. Using stars because layout is thought to have actually been the outcome of an experience in the battle directly related to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s library at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had been a gift to him by the writer. The soldier, one I. Ewald, wrote on the within cover that he had seen the writer near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a fine country seat near Philadelphia. The book was subsequently offered to a person in Philadelphia that returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had created above and below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 six pointed stars and his family motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The secure return of the book may well have signified to Hopkinson the resurgence of the Americans’ wish.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had designed “the flag of the United States of America” along with numerous ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and also Treasury, as well as the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had gotten absolutely nothing for this job, and currently he submitted a bill as well as asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would not be an affordable as well as proper incentive for his labors.
Even so, no one can be so sure that produced the American flag. The American flag is the sacred emblem of the country. As you see the flag silhouetted against the peaceful skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag stands for exactly what you are – no more, no less.
Top American Flags close to state of West Virginia
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
ZIP codes in Colliers we serve: 26035