The history of the United States is substantial and intricate, yet can be broken down into milestones as well as time periods that split, combined, and also altered the United States into the nation it is today. The American flag did not resemble like it does now. Besides that, it went through a lot of modifications and adjustments.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. In some cases referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 and permitted the original 13 colonies to stay independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution eventually made its way to the United States and altered the emphasis of the country’s economy as well as the method it produces products.
For greater than a decade prior to the episode of the revolution in 1775, conflict had been developing in between colonists as well as the British authorities. These tensions occurred from expanding stress between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and also the early american government (which stood for the British crown). Attempts by the British government to elevate revenue by collecting tax from the colonies (notably the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met with negative demonstration amongst lots of colonists, that disliked their absence of representation in Parliament as well as required the very same rights as various other British citizens. Colonial resistance led to physical violence in 1770, when British soldiers opened fire on a mob of colonists, eliminating five people in just what was referred to as the Boston Massacre. After December 1773, when a band of Bostonians dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded British ships then unloaded 342 containers of tea into Boston Harbor, an outraged Parliament passed a series of measures (called the Intolerable, or Coercive Acts) developed to reassert royal authority in Massachusetts.
The Continental Congress convened in May 1775 as well as accepted to create an army. George Washington was made its commander in chief. Congress hoped they could compel the British to bargain yet George III refused to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he stated that all the American colonies remained in a state of rebellion. Rule by royal governor fell down as well as the individuals demanded government without imperial intervention. In May 1776 Congress determined that royal government needs to discontinue and government ought to be ‘under the authority of the people’. Ultimately the colonies formulated state constitutions to replace their charters.
By the fall of 1781, the American army had actually begun to compel the adversary to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River clears into Chesapeake Bay. Claiming ailments, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, who accepted it. After French aid assisted the Continental Army force the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually properly won their independence, though the war would certainly not officially end til 1783.
The movement for American freedom effectively triumphed at Yorktown, contemporary historians did not see that as the decisive victory. British and also American mediators in Paris authorized initial peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally identified the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
How the American Flag came to be
The American flag was designed to stand for the new union of the thirteen original states: it would have thirteen stripes, alternate red and also white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue field. Among the very first flags had actually the stars arranged in a circle, based on the suggestion that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side-by-side, stood for the struggle for freedom; red meant valiance, white signified purity and also blue stood for loyalty.
In 1818, after a few design changes, the United States Congress made a decision to retain the flag’s original thirteen stripes and add brand-new stars to reflect each new state that entered the union.
While there is no question that the actual Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her very own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the very first stars and stripes that has actually made her an extraordinary historical number. The Betsy Ross tale was brought to public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby as well as other participants of Betsy’s family authorized vouched testimonies stating that they heard the tale of the production of the initial flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
According to the dental background, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, as well as George Ross, visited Betsy Ross in her furniture store. On a paper Washington revealed, was a sketch of a flag with thirteen red as well as white stripes and thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the design. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, however I will certainly attempt.” This line was utilized in the vouched declarations of much of Betsy’s family members, recommending that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended transforming the stars to five points rather than six. She showed them how you can do it with simply one snip of her scissors. They all accepted to alter the style to have stars with 5 points.
Some people believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon who offered birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, a lawyer, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, and also distinguished civil servant.
He was assigned to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his attention to creating the flag of the United States. The use of stars in that design is thought to have actually been the outcome of an experience in the war directly pertaining to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s collection at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had been a gift to him by the author. The soldier, one I. Ewald, composed on the inside cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had taken the book from a fine country seat near Philadelphia. The book was ultimately given to a person in Philadelphia who returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had actually written above and also listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three 6 pointed stars and his household slogan, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The safe return of the book might well have actually represented to Hopkinson the resurgence of the Americans’ wish.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had created “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to several ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and Treasury, and the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had received nothing for this job, and also currently he submitted a bill and asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be an affordable and proper reward for his labors.
Even so, no one could be so sure who developed the American flag. The American flag is the spiritual symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the calm skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for exactly what you are – no more, no less.
Best American Flags near state of Louisiana
As taken from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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