The history of the United States is large as well as intricate, however can be broken down right into moments and also time periods that separated, combined, and also changed the United States into the country it is now. The American flag did not resemble like it does currently. Apart from that, it underwent a great deal of modifications as well as alterations.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 and allowed the original 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution at some point made its path to the United States and also altered the emphasis of the country’s economic situation and also the method it makes items.
These tensions developed from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and also the colonial government (which stood for the British crown). Attempts by the British federal government to increase revenue by collectin tax from the colonies (notably the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met with negative demonstration among lots of colonists, who resented their absence of representation in Parliament and required the very same rights as other British people.
The Continental Congress met in May 1775 as well as accepted to raise an army. George Washington was made its commander in chief. Congress hoped they could compel the British to negotiate but George III chose not to negotiate. Instead, in August 1775 he declared that the American colonies were in a state of disobedience. Rule by royal governor fell down as well as the individuals required government without royal interference. In May 1776 Congress made a decision that royal government must discontinue and also government should be ‘for the people’. Subsequently the colonies created state constitutions to replace their charters.
By June 1776, with the Revolutionary War in full swing, an expanding majority of the colonists had come to favor independence from Britain. That same year Richard Henry Lee of the Virginia Assembly presented Congress with resolutions stating the freedom of the colonies, asking for a confederation and shared the have to find international allies for a war versus Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress voted to take on the Declaration of Independence, composed by a five-man board including Franklin and also John Adams yet composed mainly by Jefferson. By the fall of 1781, the American army had managed to compel the enemy to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Supported by a French army commanded by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total of around 14,000 soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French warships offshore avoided British support or evacuation. Trapped and subdued, the opponent was forced to surrender their entire military. Claiming disease, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, who accepted it. After French aid helped the Continental Army compel the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually properly won their self-reliance, though the war would certainly not formally end until 1783.
The motion for American independence successfully won at Yorktown, modern historians did not see that as the definitive triumph. British and also American arbitrators in Paris authorized initial peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain officially identified the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
Just how the American Flag became
The American flag was created to represent the brand-new union of the thirteen initial states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red as well as white, and also thirteen stars, white on a blue area. One of the very first flags had the stars arranged in a circle, based on the suggestion that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side by side, represented the battle for independence; red represented valor, white signified purity and also blue represented loyalty.
In 1818, after a few style modifications, the United States Congress decided to keep the flag’s original thirteen stripes and also include brand-new stars to reflect each new state that entered the union.
While there is no question that the genuine Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the first stars and stripes that has made her an extraordinary historical number. The Betsy Ross story was given public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and other members of Betsy’s family members signed vouched affidavits mentioning that they listened to the story of the making of the first flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, checked out Betsy Ross in her upholstery store. She escorted them to her parlor, where they might have a private meeting. Right here, Washington took a folded up paper from his inside jacket pocket. On it, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red as well as white stripes and also thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy might make a flag from the layout. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, but I will certainly try.” This line was used in the sworn declarations of many of Betsy’s household participants, recommending that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the tale goes, Betsy recommended altering the stars to 5 points rather than 6.
Nonetheless, some chroniclers think that it was Francis Hopkisnon who brought to life the concept of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, a legal representative, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, and distinguished civil servant.
He was appointed to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his focus on making the flag of the United States. Making use of stars because layout is thought to have actually been the result of an experience in the war directly pertaining to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s collection at his residence in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The soldier, an I. Ewald, wrote on the within cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia as well as that he, Ewald, had taken the book from a fine nation seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had composed over and below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three six pointed stars as well as his household motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had created “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to numerous ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship papers, the seals of the boards of Admiralty as well as Treasury, and the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had received absolutely nothing for this job, and also currently he submitted a bill and also asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would not be a reasonable as well as appropriate reward for his labors.
Even so, no one could be so sure who produced the American flag. The American flag is the spiritual symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the serene skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for exactly what you are – no more, no less.
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As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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