The background of the United States is large and also complicated, however can be broken down into moments and also periods that divided, merged, and transformed the United States right into the nation it is today. The American flag really did not look like it does currently. Besides that, it underwent a lot of changes and adjustments.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 and permitted the initial 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution ultimately made its way to the United States and changed the emphasis of the country’s economic climate as well as the method it produces items.
These tensions occurred from expanding stress in between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and also the colonial government (which represented the British crown). Attempts by the British federal government to increase revenue by taxing the colonies (especially the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and also the Tea Act of 1773) met with violent demonstration among several colonists, who resented their absence of representation in Parliament and also required the same rights as various other British citizens.
George Washington was made its leader. Congress hoped they might force the British to negotiate yet George III refused to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he stated that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By the fall of 1781, the American forces had managed to compel the enemy to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Stating illness, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington offered the nod to his own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, who accepted it. After French support assisted the Continental Army force the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had efficiently won their independence, though fighting would certainly not formally finish til 1783.
The motion for American freedom properly triumphed at Yorktown, modern observers did not see that as the crucial triumph. British and American mediators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally identified the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
Exactly how the American Flag happened
The American flag was designed to represent the brand-new union of the thirteen initial states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red and also white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue field. One of the very first flags had the stars laid out in a circle, based upon the suggestion that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side-by-side, stood for the struggle for independence; red meant valiance, white signified pureness and also blue represented commitment.
In 1818, after a couple of style modifications, the United States Congress chose to retain the flag’s original thirteen stripes as well as add new stars to show each new state that entered the union.
While there is no doubt that the genuine Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her very own right, it is the tale of Betsy stitching the initial stars and stripes that has made her an unforgettable historical number. The Betsy Ross tale was offered spotlight in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also other members of Betsy’s family signed sworn affidavits stating that they listened to the tale of the production of the first flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the dental history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, visited Betsy Ross in her furniture store. On a piece of paper Washington showed, was a sketch of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes and thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy might make a flag from the style. Betsy responded: “I do not know, yet I will certainly attempt.” This line was used in the sworn declarations of much of Betsy’s family members, suggesting that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the tale goes, Betsy suggested transforming the stars to 5 points as opposed to 6. She demonstrated to them how to do it with simply one snip of her scissors. They all accepted to change the design to have stars with five points.
Nonetheless, some historians believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon that gave birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, a lawyer, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, as well as distinguished civil servant.
He was selected to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his attention to designing the flag of the United States. The use of stars in that style is thought to have been the result of an experience in the war straightly related to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s library at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The soldier, one I. Ewald, created on the within cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had taken the publication from a great country seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually written above and below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 six pointed stars and also his household motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had designed “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to several ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship papers, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and also Treasury, and the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had obtained nothing for this job, and now he submitted a bill as well as asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a sensible and correct incentive for his labors.
Even so, nobody can be so sure who produced the American flag. The American flag is the sacred emblem of the country. It symbolizes the citizens’ birthright, their heritage of freedom acquired with blood as well as sorrow. The title deed of freedom, which is the country’s to appreciate as well as keep in trust for posterity. Eternal watchfulness is the price of freedom. As you see the flag silhouetted against the serene skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag means just what you are – no more, no less.
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As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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