The history of the United States is substantial as well as complicated, but can be broken down into moments as well as time periods that divided, merged, and transformed the United States into the nation it is now. The American flag did not appear like it does currently. Apart from that, it underwent a lot of modifications as well as alterations.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 and also allowed the initial 13 colonies to stay independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution ultimately made its way to the United States and altered the focus of the nation’s economic climate and also the way it makes items.
These tensions occurred from growing stress between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government (which represented the British crown). Efforts by the British federal government to elevate income by taxing the colonies (notably the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met with violent protest amongst many colonists, that resented their lack of depiction in Parliament and also required the very same civil liberties as other British people.
The Continental Congress convened in May 1775 and agreed to raise an army. George Washington was made its commander in chief. Congress wished they might compel the British to negotiate however George III chose not to negotiate. Instead, in August 1775 he stated that the American colonies were in a state of rebellion. At the same time, rule by royal governor broke down and individuals demanded government without imperial interference. In May 1776 Congress determined that imperial government must discontinue and also government ought to be ‘for individuals’. Subsequently the colonies formulated state constitutions to replace their charters.
By the autumn of 1781, the American army had actually begun to require the enemy to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Stating disease, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to give up; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington provided the nod to his own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, that approved it. After French support aided the Continental Army force the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had successfully won their independence, though fighting would not formally end until 1783.
The movement for American freedom efficiently triumphed at Yorktown, modern observers did not see that as the crucial victory. British as well as American arbitrators in Paris signed initial peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3, 1783, Great Britain officially recognized the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
How the American Flag happened
The American flag was created to stand for the new union of the thirteen initial states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red and white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue area. One of the initial flags had the stars organized in a circle, based on the idea that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side by side, represented the battle for freedom; red represented valor, white signified pureness and also blue stood for loyalty.
In 1818, after a couple of design adjustments, the United States Congress decided to keep the flag’s original thirteen stripes and also add brand-new stars to reflect each brand-new state that joined the union.
While there is no doubt that the genuine Betsy Ross deserved interest in her very own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the very first stars and stripes that has made her an extraordinary historical number. The Betsy Ross story was given spotlight in 1870 by her grand son, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and various other members of Betsy’s family members signed vouched affidavits stating that they heard the story of the production of the very first flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, checked out Betsy Ross in her furniture store. On a piece of paper Washington revealed, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes and also thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the layout. Betsy responded: “I don’t know, but I will attempt.” This line was utilized in the vouched declarations of many of Betsy’s members of the family, recommending that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended changing the stars to five points instead of six. She showed them how you can do it with simply one snip of her scissors. They all agreed to alter the style to have stars with five points.
However, some historians think that it was Francis Hopkisnon that gave birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a preferred patriot, a legal representative, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, as well as distinguished civil servant.
He was designated to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his focus on designing the flag of the United States. Using stars because layout is believed to have actually been the outcome of an experience in the war directly related to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s library at his residence in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The soldier, one I. Ewald, wrote on the within cover that he had seen the writer near Philadelphia as well as that he, Ewald, had actually taken the publication from a great nation seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually composed over and also below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 6 pointed stars and also his household slogan, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had actually created “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to several ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship papers, the seals of the boards of Admiralty as well as Treasury, as well as the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had actually received nothing for this job, and also now he submitted a bill and also asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would not be a practical and proper incentive for his labors.
Even so, no one could be so certain that created the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted against the tranquil skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for what you are – no more, no less.
Top American Flags around West Virginia state
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
ZIP codes in East Bank we serve: 25067