The history of the United States is large as well as intricate, yet can be broken down into moments and time periods that divided, unified, and altered the United States into the country it is now. The American flag really did not appear like it does currently. Other than that, it undertook a lot of adjustments as well as modifications.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 and also enabled the original 13 colonies to stay independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution eventually made its path to the United States as well as transformed the emphasis of the country’s economic situation as well as the method it manufactures items.
These tensions arose from expanding tensions between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government (which stood for the British crown). Attempts by the British federal government to elevate revenue by taxing the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 as well as the Tea Act of 1773) met with heated objection amongst lots of colonists, that resented their absence of depiction in Parliament as well as required the same legal rights as various other British people.
The Continental Congress met in May 1775 as well as consented to raise an army. George Washington was made its commander-in-chief. Congress hoped they might force the British to work out however George III refused to negotiate. Instead, in August 1775 he stated that all the American colonies remained in a state of rebellion. At the same time, rule by royal governor broke down and the people required government without royal interference. In May 1776 Congress made a decision that imperial government needs to cease as well as government should be ‘under the authority of the people’. Consequently the colonies created state constitutions to replace their charters.
By June 1776, with the Revolutionary War in full swing, a growing majority of the colonists had actually come to prefer freedom from Britain. That same year Richard Henry Lee of the Virginia Assembly presented Congress with resolutions declaring the self-reliance of the colonies, requiring a confederation and expressed the need to locate international allies for a battle against Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress elected to adopt the Declaration of Independence, drafted by a five-man committee consisting of Franklin as well as John Adams however written mainly by Jefferson. By the autumn of 1781, the American army had managed to compel the adversary to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River clears into Chesapeake Bay. Supported by a French army commanded by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with an overall of around 14,000 soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French battleships offshore avoided British reinforcement or escape. Caught and subdued, the adversary was required to surrender their entire military. Stating illness, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, who accepted it. After French aid assisted the Continental Army compel the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had efficiently won their freedom, though the war would not officially end up until 1783.
The motion for American independence effectively won at Yorktown, modern historians did not see that as the crucial victory. British and American negotiators in Paris signed initial peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3, 1783, Great Britain officially acknowledged the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
How the American Flag happened
The American flag was developed to stand for the brand-new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternate red as well as white, and also thirteen stars, white on a blue field. Among the initial flags had the stars set up in a circle, based on the idea that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side-by-side, stood for the battle for independence; red stood for valiance, white signified pureness and also blue stood for loyalty.
In 1818, after a few style adjustments, the United States Congress made a decision to maintain the flag’s original thirteen stripes and also include new stars to show each new state that got in the union.
While there is no doubt that the real Betsy Ross deserved interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the very first stars and stripes that has actually made her a memorable historic number. The Betsy Ross tale was offered public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and other members of Betsy’s family signed sworn affidavits specifying that they listened to the story of the making of the very first flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the dental background, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, as well as George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her upholstery store. On a piece of paper Washington revealed, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red as well as white stripes as well as thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the layout. Betsy reacted: “I do not know, yet I will try.” This line was made use of in the vouched statements of many of Betsy’s relatives, recommending that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended altering the stars to 5 points instead of 6. She demonstrated to them the best ways to do it with simply one snip of her scissors. They all accepted to transform the layout to have stars with 5 points.
Some chroniclers think that it was Francis Hopkisnon that provided birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, an endorser of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, as well as identified civil servant.
He was designated to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his focus on designing the flag of the United States. The use of stars in that style is believed to have actually been the outcome of an experience in the war straightly related to his propriety.
A publication in Hopkinson’s library at his residence in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The soldier, an I. Ewald, composed on the within cover that he had actually seen the writer near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had taken the book from a great nation seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually created over and also listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three six pointed stars as well as his family motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had created “the flag of the United States of America” along with several ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship papers, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and Treasury, and also the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had gotten nothing for this work, and now he submitted a bill and asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would not be an affordable and appropriate reward for his labors.
Also so, no one can be so sure who created the American flag. The American flag is the spiritual symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted against the peaceful skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for just what you are – no more, no less.
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As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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