The history of the United States is vast as well as intricate, however can be broken down right into moments and periods that divided, combined, as well as altered the United States into the nation it is today. The American flag did not look like it does now. Apart from that, it went through a lot of modifications and adjustments.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 as well as enabled the initial 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution eventually made its path to the United States and transformed the emphasis of the nation’s economy as well as the means it makes items.
These problems arose from expanding stress in between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies as well as the colonial government (which represented the British crown). Efforts by the British government to increase revenue by collectin tax from the colonies (notably the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 as well as the Tea Act of 1773) met with violent demonstration among many colonists, who resented their absence of depiction in Parliament as well as demanded the exact same civil liberties as other British subjects.
George Washington was made its commander-in-chief. Congress wished they can force the British to discuss yet George III declined to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he proclaimed that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By the autumn of 1781, the American forces had managed to force the adversary to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Claiming illness, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to give up; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, that accepted it. After French assistance helped the Continental Army require the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually efficiently won their independence, though the battle would not formally finish until 1783.
The motion for American freedom efficiently won at Yorktown, contemporary historians did not see that as the definitive success. British and also American mediators in Paris authorized preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain officially recognized the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
How the American Flag came to be
The American flag was developed to stand for the new union of the thirteen initial states: it would have thirteen stripes, alternating red and also white, as well as thirteen stars, white on a blue field. Among the very first flags had the stars organized in a circle, based on the suggestion that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side-by-side, stood for the struggle for freedom; red stood for valiance, white signified pureness and also blue represented loyalty.
In 1818, after a few style changes, the United States Congress decided to keep the flag’s initial thirteen stripes as well as include new stars to reflect each new state that got in the union.
While there is no question that the real Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the tale of Betsy sewing the very first stars and stripes that has made her a memorable historic figure. The Betsy Ross tale was brought to public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also other members of Betsy’s household authorized vouched testimonies stating that they listened to the tale of the making of the very first flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
According to the narrative history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, as well as George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her upholstery shop. She accompanied them to her parlor, where they can have a private meeting. Here, Washington pulled a folded up piece of paper from his inside jacket pocket. On it, was a sketch of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes and thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the design. Betsy responded: “I do not know, however I will try.” This line was used in the vouched declarations of numerous of Betsy’s family members, recommending that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended transforming the stars to 5 points rather compared to six.
Nonetheless, some people think that it was Francis Hopkisnon who gave birth to the suggestion of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a preferred patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, an endorser of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, and also distinguished civil servant.
He was assigned to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his attention to developing the flag of the United States. The use of stars because design is believed to have actually been the outcome of an experience in the war straightly related to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s library at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had been a gift to him by the writer. The soldier, one I. Ewald, composed on the inside cover that he had seen the writer near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a fine country seat near Philadelphia. The book was subsequently offered to someone in Philadelphia who returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had created above and also below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 six pointed stars and also his household slogan, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The secure return of the book could well have actually represented to Hopkinson the rebirth of the Americans’ wish.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had actually made “the flag of the United States of America” along with a number of ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship papers, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and Treasury, and the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had actually gotten absolutely nothing for this job, and also currently he submitted a bill and asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a sensible and correct incentive for his labors.
Nevertheless, nobody can be so certain that developed the American flag. The American flag is the spiritual symbol of the nation. It signifies the peoples’ birthright, their heritage of liberty bought with blood and also sadness. The title deed of freedom, which is the country’s to delight in and keep in trust for posterity. Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the serene skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag stands for what you are – no more, no much less.
Top American Flags near state of Maryland
As taken from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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