The background of the United States is vast and also complex, but can be broken down right into moments and time periods that separated, combined, and altered the United States right into the nation it is now. The American flag really did not resemble like it does currently. Besides that, it underwent a lot of changes and adjustments.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 and also permitted the original 13 colonies to stay independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution ultimately made its way to the United States and altered the emphasis of the country’s economic situation and the means it produces products.
These tensions arose from growing tensions in between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and also the early american government (which represented the British crown). Attempts by the British federal government to increase income by taxing the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and also the Tea Act of 1773) met with heated protest among numerous colonists, who resented their lack of representation in Parliament and required the very same civil liberties as various other British citizens.
George Washington was made its leader. Congress hoped they could compel the British to work out however George III declined to compromise. Instead, in August 1775 he proclaimed that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By the fall of 1781, the American army had actually begun to compel the enemy to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River clears into Chesapeake Bay. Claiming ailments, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to give up; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his very own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, that accepted it. After French aid assisted the Continental Army require the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually properly won their independence, though the war would certainly not officially end up until 1783.
The movement for American freedom properly triumphed at Yorktown, modern observers did not see that as the crucial triumph. British and American mediators in Paris authorized preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain officially identified the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
Exactly how the American Flag came to be
The American flag was created to stand for the new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red as well as white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue area. Among the initial flags had the stars laid out in a circle, based on the concept that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side by side, stood for the struggle for independence; red represented valiance, white signified purity as well as blue represented commitment.
In 1818, after a couple of style modifications, the United States Congress made a decision to preserve the flag’s initial thirteen stripes as well as include new stars to reflect each brand-new state that joined the union.
While there is no question that the actual Betsy Ross deserved interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy stitching the initial stars and stripes that has actually made her an unforgettable historical number. The Betsy Ross story was given spotlight in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also various other members of Betsy’s household signed sworn affidavits stating that they heard the tale of the making of the first flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her furniture shop. On a paper Washington revealed, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes as well as thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy might make a flag from the layout. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, but I will try.” This line was used in the vouched declarations of many of Betsy’s members of the family, recommending that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the tale goes, Betsy recommended changing the stars to 5 points instead of 6. She showed them how to do it with simply one snip of her scissors. They all accepted to alter the design to have stars with five points.
Some historians believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon who provided birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, as well as distinguished civil servant.
He was appointed to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his attention to creating the flag of the United States. Making use of stars because style is thought to have been the outcome of an experience in the battle directly related to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s collection at his house in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The soldier, one I. Ewald, created on the within cover that he had seen the writer near Philadelphia and also that he, Ewald, had actually taken the publication from a great nation seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually created over and listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 6 pointed stars as well as his household motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had designed “the flag of the United States of America” along with numerous ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship papers, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and Treasury, and also the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had obtained nothing for this job, and now he submitted a bill and also asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a reasonable as well as correct incentive for his labors.
Also so, no one could be so certain who developed the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the peaceful skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for just what you are – no more, no much less.
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As taken from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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