The history of the United States is large and also intricate, yet can be broken down into moments and periods that split, combined, as well as changed the United States right into the country it is today. The American flag did not appear like it does currently. Besides that, it went through a great deal of modifications and also alterations.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 and also enabled the initial 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution ultimately made its way to the United States and also transformed the focus of the country’s economy as well as the way it makes items.
For greater than a decade prior to the episode of the revolution in 1775, tensions had been building in between colonists as well as the British authorities. These tensions developed from growing stress in between citizens of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government (which stood for the British crown). Attempts by the British government to elevate earnings by collecting tax from the colonies (notably the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 as well as the Tea Act of 1773) met violent objection amongst numerous colonists, who disliked their lack of depiction in Parliament and also demanded the same legal rights as various other British subjects. Colonial resistance caused physical violence in 1770, when British soldiers opened fire on a crowd of colonists, eliminating 5 people in what was known as the Boston Massacre. After December 1773, when a band of Bostonians impersonated Mohawk Indians boarded British ships then unloaded 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor, an outraged Parliament passed a collection of measures (called the Intolerable, or Coercive Acts) designed to reassert royal authority in Massachusetts.
The Continental Congress convened in May 1775 and also agreed to create an army. George Washington was made its leader. Congress hoped they could require the British to bargain but George III chose not to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he proclaimed that the American colonies were in a state of rebellion. On the other hand, rule by royal governor broke down as well as individuals demanded government without imperial intervention. In May 1776 Congress made a decision that imperial government ought to cease as well as government ought to be ‘under the authority of the people’. Ultimately the colonies drew up state constitutions to change their charters.
By the fall of 1781, the American forces had actually managed to require the adversary to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties right into Chesapeake Bay. Stating disease, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his very own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, who approved it. After French help assisted the Continental Army require the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had properly won their freedom, though the battle would not formally finish until 1783.
The motion for American freedom efficiently won at Yorktown, modern observers did not see that as the decisive victory. British armies remained posted around Charleston, as well as the effective major military still resided in New York. The British removal of their troops from Charleston as well as Savannah in late 1782 ultimately pointed to completion of the conflict. British and American negotiators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain officially identified the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris. At the same time, Britain signed separate peace treaties with France and Spain (which had entered the dispute in 1779), bringing the American Revolution to a close after eight lengthy years.
Exactly how the American Flag came to be
The American flag was designed to stand for the new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red as well as white, as well as thirteen stars, white on a blue area. One of the first flags had actually the stars arranged in a circle, based upon the idea that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side by side, represented the battle for independence; red represented valor, white signified purity and blue stood for loyalty.
In 1818, after a couple of design changes, the United States Congress made a decision to preserve the flag’s initial thirteen stripes as well as add new stars to reflect each new state that got in the union.
While there is no question that the real Betsy Ross deserved interest in her own right, it is the tale of Betsy sewing the first stars and stripes that has made her a remarkable historic figure. The Betsy Ross tale was brought to spotlight in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also various other participants of Betsy’s family signed vouched testimonies specifying that they heard the tale of the production of the first flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her upholstery store. On a piece of paper Washington showed, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes as well as thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy might make a flag from the style. Betsy responded: “I do not know, but I will certainly try.” This line was utilized in the vouched declarations of a number of Betsy’s members of the family, suggesting that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy suggested transforming the stars to 5 points instead of 6. She showed them ways to do it with just one snip of her scissors. They all agreed to alter the style to have stars with five points.
Some people believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon who gave birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a popular patriot, a legal representative, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, and also distinguished civil servant.
He was appointed to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his attention to creating the flag of the United States. Making use of stars in that design is thought to have been the result of an experience in the battle directly related to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s library at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had actually been a present to him by the writer. The soldier, an I. Ewald, created on the inside cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a fine nation seat near Philadelphia. The book was ultimately offered to someone in Philadelphia who returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had composed above and listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 six pointed stars and also his family motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The safe return of the book might well have signified to Hopkinson the revival of the Americans’ wish.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had designed “the flag of the United States of America” along with numerous ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty as well as Treasury, and also the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had actually received nothing for this job, and now he submitted a bill and asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would not be a practical as well as appropriate incentive for his labors.
However, nobody can be so certain who created the American flag. The American flag is the spiritual emblem of the nation. It signifies the residents’ birthright, their heritage of freedom purchased with blood and also sorrow. The title deed of freedom, which is the nation’s to take pleasure in and hold in trust for posterity. Timeless caution is the cost of freedom. As you see the flag silhouetted against the peaceful skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag means what you are – no more, no less.
Best American Flags around West Virginia state
As taken from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
ZIP codes in Harpers Ferry we serve: 25425