The history of the United States is large as well as intricate, but can be broken down right into milestones as well as periods that split, combined, and also changed the United States right into the country it is today. The American flag did not resemble like it does currently. Besides that, it underwent a lot of changes as well as modifications.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 and also enabled the initial 13 colonies to remain independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution eventually made its way to the United States and changed the focus of the nation’s economic situation and also the method it produces items.
These problems arose from expanding tensions between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government (which stood for the British crown). Efforts by the British federal government to increase profits by taxing the colonies (especially the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and also the Tea Act of 1773) met with heated objection amongst lots of colonists, who disliked their lack of representation in Parliament as well as demanded the very same legal rights as various other British citizens.
The Continental Congress convened in May 1775 as well as consented to raise an army. George Washington was made its leader. Congress wished they could force the British to bargain but George III refused to compromise. Rather, in August 1775 he stated that the American colonies remained in a state of rebellion. Rule by royal governor broke down and also the individuals demanded government without royal interference. In May 1776 Congress chose that royal government ought to cease as well as government must be ‘under the authority of individuals’. Ultimately the colonies created state constitutions to change their charters.
By the autumn of 1781, the American army had actually managed to force the enemy to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties right into Chesapeake Bay. Stating health problems, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, who approved it. After French help helped the Continental Army require the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually properly won their freedom, though fighting would certainly not officially end up until 1783.
The movement for American independence effectively triumphed at Yorktown, contemporary historians did not see that as the definitive success. British as well as American negotiators in Paris authorized preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain officially recognized the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
Exactly how the American Flag became
The American flag was designed to stand for the new union of the thirteen initial states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternate red as well as white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue field. One of the very first flags had actually the stars arranged in a circle, based upon the suggestion that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side-by-side, stood for the struggle for freedom; red stood for valor, white signified purity and blue represented commitment.
In 1818, after a few layout changes, the United States Congress made a decision to maintain the flag’s original thirteen stripes and include brand-new stars to reflect each new state that got in the union.
While there is no question that the actual Betsy Ross deserved interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the first stars and stripes that has actually made her an extraordinary historic figure. The Betsy Ross story was brought to public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and various other members of Betsy’s family authorized vouched affidavits mentioning that they listened to the tale of the making of the initial flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the narrative history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, as well as George Ross, checked out Betsy Ross in her furniture store. She accompanied them to her parlor, where they could have a private meeting. Here, Washington pulled a folded up paper from his inside jacket pocket. On it, was a sketch of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes and thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the style. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, however I will certainly attempt.” This line was made use of in the sworn statements of numerous of Betsy’s family members, suggesting that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy suggested changing the stars to 5 points rather compared to 6.
Some historians think that it was Francis Hopkisnon that offered birth to the suggestion of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, and distinguished civil servant.
He was designated to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his focus on designing the flag of the United States. The use of stars because style is believed to have actually been the outcome of an experience in the war directly related to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s library at his residence in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The soldier, an I. Ewald, composed on the inside cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia as well as that he, Ewald, had taken the book from a great nation seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually created over and also listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 6 pointed stars as well as his household adage, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had actually designed “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to a number of ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty as well as Treasury, as well as the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had obtained nothing for this work, as well as now he submitted a bill as well as asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a sensible and proper reward for his labors.
Even so, no one can be so certain who created the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the country. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the calm skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag stands for just what you are – no more, no less.
Top American Flags close to Alabama state
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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