The history of the United States is vast as well as complex, however can be broken down into moments and time periods that separated, combined, and also changed the United States into the country it is today. The American flag didn’t resemble like it does now. Besides that, it undertook a great deal of changes and modifications.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Often referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a dispute which lasted from 1775-1783 and allowed the initial 13 colonies to remain independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution at some point made its path to the United States and altered the emphasis of the nation’s economy as well as the way it produces items.
These tensions developed from growing stress in between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies as well as the colonial government (which represented the British crown). Attempts by the British federal government to raise earnings by taxing the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met with heated protest amongst numerous colonists, who resented their lack of representation in Parliament and demanded the exact same rights as other British people.
The Continental Congress convened in May 1775 and agreed to build an army. George Washington was made its commander in chief. Congress hoped they could require the British to bargain yet George III refused to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he stated that the American colonies were in a state of rebellion. Meanwhile, rule by royal governor broke down and also individuals demanded government without royal intervention. In May 1776 Congress decided that imperial government ought to cease and government needs to be ‘under the authority of the people’. Subsequently the colonies drew up state constitutions to replace their charters.
By the autumn of 1781, the American forces had managed to require the enemy to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Stating health problems, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington offered the nod to his own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, who approved it. After French assistance aided the Continental Army compel the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had efficiently won their independence, though fighting would not officially finish til 1783.
Though the movement for American independence properly triumphed at Yorktown, modern observers did not see that as the definitive victory yet. British armies stayed posted around Charleston, and also the effective main military still resided in New York. The British removal of their soldiers from Charleston as well as Savannah in late 1782 lastly pointed to the end of the conflict. British and also American negotiators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally identified the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris. At the same time, Britain signed different peace treaties with France as well as Spain (which had entered the conflict in 1779), bringing the American Revolution to a close after eight long years.
How the American Flag came to be
The American flag was developed to represent the new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternate red as well as white, and also thirteen stars, white on a blue area. Among the first flags had the stars laid out in a circle, based upon the suggestion that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side-by-side, stood for the struggle for independence; red stood for valiance, white signified purity and blue represented loyalty.
In 1818, after a few design changes, the United States Congress decided to keep the flag’s original thirteen stripes and also add new stars to reflect each new state that joined the union.
While there is no doubt that the genuine Betsy Ross deserved interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the initial stars and stripes that has made her a memorable historical number. The Betsy Ross story was brought to spotlight in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby as well as other participants of Betsy’s household signed vouched affidavits stating that they heard the tale of the making of the first flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the dental history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, checked out Betsy Ross in her furniture store. On a paper Washington showed, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes as well as thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy can make a flag from the style. Betsy responded: “I do not know, but I will certainly attempt.” This line was utilized in the vouched statements of a lot of Betsy’s members of the family, recommending that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the tale goes, Betsy recommended transforming the stars to 5 points rather than 6. She demonstrated to them how to do it with just one snip of her scissors. They all accepted to transform the design to have stars with five points.
Nevertheless, some people believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon who gave birth to the concept of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, a legal representative, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, and also distinguished civil servant.
He was assigned to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his focus on developing the flag of the United States. Making use of stars in that style is thought to have actually been the outcome of an experience in the battle straightly related to his propriety.
A publication in Hopkinson’s collection at his house in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The soldier, one I. Ewald, created on the inside cover that he had actually seen the writer near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had taken the publication from a great country seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually written over and also listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 six pointed stars as well as his family adage, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had actually developed “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to numerous ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty as well as Treasury, and the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had actually obtained nothing for this work, as well as currently he sent a bill and asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would not be a sensible and also proper incentive for his labors.
Also so, nobody could be so certain that developed the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the serene skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag stands for just what you are – no more, no less.
Top American Flags near state of Hawaii
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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