The history of the United States is vast as well as intricate, but can be broken down into milestones as well as periods that divided, merged, and changed the United States into the nation it is now. The American flag didn’t appear like it does now. Besides that, it went through a lot of modifications as well as modifications.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Sometimes referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 and also enabled the original 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution at some point made its path to the United States and also changed the focus of the country’s economic climate as well as the method it produces products.
These tensions arose from growing stress between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and also the early american government (which stood for the British crown). Attempts by the British federal government to elevate profits by taxing the colonies (notably the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 as well as the Tea Act of 1773) met with violent protest amongst several colonists, that resented their absence of depiction in Parliament and required the very same rights as other British citizens.
George Washington was made its commander-in-chief. Congress hoped they might force the British to negotiate however George III declined to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he stated that all the American colonies were in a state of disobedience.
By the autumn of 1781, the American forces had actually begun to require the adversary to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Stating illness, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington offered the nod to his own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, that accepted it. After French support aided the Continental Army require the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually properly won their independence, though fighting would certainly not formally finish up until 1783.
The motion for American freedom properly won at Yorktown, contemporary historians did not see that as the definitive triumph. British and American mediators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, as well as on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally recognized the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
How the American Flag came to be
The American flag was developed to stand for the brand-new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red as well as white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue field. Among the first flags had the stars organized in a circle, based upon the idea that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side-by-side, stood for the struggle for freedom; red stood for valiance, white signified purity and also blue stood for commitment.
In 1818, after a couple of style modifications, the United States Congress decided to keep the flag’s initial thirteen stripes and add brand-new stars to show each brand-new state that entered the union.
While there is no doubt that the genuine Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy stitching the very first stars and stripes that has made her a memorable historic number. The Betsy Ross story was given spotlight in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also other members of Betsy’s family authorized sworn affidavits mentioning that they heard the tale of the production of the initial flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, checked out Betsy Ross in her upholstery store. She escorted them to her parlor, where they can have a private meeting. Here, Washington pulled a folded piece of paper from his inside jacket pocket. On it, was a sketch of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes as well as thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the design. Betsy responded: “I don’t know, yet I will certainly try.” This line was used in the sworn statements of several of Betsy’s household participants, suggesting that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended changing the stars to five points instead compared to 6.
Some people think that it was Francis Hopkisnon that gave birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a popular patriot, a lawyer, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, and distinguished civil servant.
He was assigned to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his attention to developing the flag of the United States. The use of stars because layout is thought to have been the result of an experience in the battle straightly pertaining to his propriety.
A publication in Hopkinson’s library at his residence in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The soldier, one I. Ewald, composed on the inside cover that he had actually seen the writer near Philadelphia as well as that he, Ewald, had taken the publication from a great nation seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually composed above and below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three 6 pointed stars and also his household slogan, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had designed “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to a number of ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty as well as Treasury, and the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had actually received absolutely nothing for this job, and also currently he sent a bill and also asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would not be a sensible as well as correct incentive for his labors.
However, no one can be so certain that developed the American flag. The American flag is the sacred emblem of the country. It signifies the peoples’ birthright, their heritage of freedom acquired with blood as well as sorrow. The title deed of freedom, which is the nation’s to delight in and hold in trust for posterity. Timeless alertness is the price of freedom. As you see the flag silhouetted against the relaxed skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag represents what you are – no more, no less.
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As taken from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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