The background of the United States is vast and also complex, but can be broken down right into moments and also periods that divided, combined, and transformed the United States into the nation it is today. The American flag did not look like it does now. Apart from that, it underwent a great deal of changes and modifications.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Often referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 as well as allowed the original 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution ultimately made its path to the United States and changed the focus of the country’s economic climate and the means it makes items.
These tensions emerged from expanding stress in between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies as well as the early american government (which represented the British crown). Efforts by the British federal government to elevate revenue by collectin tax from the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 as well as the Tea Act of 1773) met with violent protest amongst lots of colonists, who resented their lack of depiction in Parliament and required the very same rights as other British subjects.
George Washington was made its leader. Congress wished they can compel the British to discuss but George III rejected to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he proclaimed that all the American colonies were in a state of disobedience.
By the fall of 1781, the American army had begun to force the enemy to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Claiming disease, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington offered the nod to his own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, who approved it. After French assistance assisted the Continental Army force the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually successfully won their freedom, though combatting would not officially finish up until 1783.
The motion for American freedom properly won at Yorktown, contemporary historians did not see that as the decisive triumph. British as well as American mediators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally identified the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
How the American Flag became
The American flag was developed to represent the new union of the thirteen initial states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternate red as well as white, and also thirteen stars, white on a blue field. One of the initial flags had actually the stars organized in a circle, based on the concept that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side by side, stood for the battle for independence; red stood for valor, white signified purity and blue represented loyalty.
In 1818, after a couple of style changes, the United States Congress made a decision to retain the flag’s original thirteen stripes and include new stars to reflect each new state that joined the union.
While there is no question that the real Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the very first stars and stripes that has made her a remarkable historic number. The Betsy Ross tale was brought to spotlight in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby as well as various other members of Betsy’s household authorized sworn affidavits stating that they listened to the tale of the making of the initial flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, checked out Betsy Ross in her upholstery shop. On a paper Washington revealed, was an illustration of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes and also thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the design. Betsy responded: “I don’t know, but I will certainly attempt.” This line was used in the vouched declarations of most of Betsy’s family members, suggesting that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy suggested altering the stars to five points rather than 6. She showed them ways to do it with just one snip of her scissors. They all accepted to change the layout to have stars with five points.
Some chroniclers believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon who gave birth to the concept of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, a lawyer, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, and identified civil servant.
He was selected to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his focus on developing the flag of the United States. Using stars in that design is believed to have actually been the outcome of an experience in the battle directly pertaining to his propriety.
A publication in Hopkinson’s library at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had been a present to him by the writer. The soldier, one I. Ewald, composed on the inside cover that he had seen the writer near Philadelphia which he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a fine nation seat near Philadelphia. The book was ultimately offered to somebody in Philadelphia that returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had created over and listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three 6 pointed stars and also his family adage, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The safe return of the book could well have signified to Hopkinson the revival of the Americans’ hope.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had made “the flag of the United States of America” as well as several ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and also Treasury, as well as the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had actually obtained absolutely nothing for this work, and currently he submitted a bill and also asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a sensible as well as correct reward for his labors.
Even so, no one can be so certain who developed the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the country. It symbolizes the peoples’ birthright, their heritage of freedom acquired with blood and grief. The title deed of liberty, which is the nation’s to appreciate and also keep in trust for posterity. Timeless vigilance is the cost of liberty. As you see the flag silhouetted against the relaxed skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag represents exactly what you are – no more, no less.
Top American Flags near state of Hawaii
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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