The background of the United States is vast and complex, however can be broken down into milestones and periods that divided, combined, and changed the United States into the country it is today. The American flag really did not look like it does now. Besides that, it underwent a great deal of adjustments as well as modifications.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Often described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 and enabled the original 13 colonies to remain independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution ultimately made its path to the United States as well as altered the emphasis of the nation’s economic situation and the means it produces items.
For greater than 10 years prior to the outbreak of the revolution in 1775, tensions had been building between colonists as well as the British authorities. These tensions developed from expanding tensions between citizens of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the early american government (which represented the British crown). Efforts by the British government to elevate profits by collecting tax from the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met heated demonstration among numerous colonists, that disliked their lack of depiction in Parliament as well as demanded the same legal rights as various other British subjects. Colonial resistance caused violence in 1770, when British soldiers opened fire on a crowd of colonists, killing 5 men in what was called the Boston Massacre. After December 1773, when a band of Bostonians dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded British ships and discarded 342 containers of tea into Boston Harbor, an outraged Parliament passed a series of steps (known as the Intolerable, or Coercive Acts) made to reassert royal authority in Massachusetts.
The Continental Congress convened in May 1775 and also agreed to create an army. George Washington was made its commander-in-chief. Congress wished they could compel the British to work out however George III chose not to compromise. Rather, in August 1775 he stated that the American colonies remained in a state of disobedience. On the other hand, rule by royal governor broke down and also individuals required government without royal intervention. In May 1776 Congress made a decision that imperial government must cease and government needs to be ‘for individuals’. Subsequently the colonies prepared state constitutions to change their charters.
By the fall of 1781, the American forces had actually begun to require the adversary to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River clears right into Chesapeake Bay. Claiming health problems, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, who accepted it. After French help aided the Continental Army require the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually effectively won their freedom, though combatting would certainly not formally finish til 1783.
Though the motion for American independence properly triumphed at Yorktown, contemporary observers did not see that as the crucial triumph yet. British forces continued to be posted around Charleston, and the effective major army still resided in New York. The British exit of their soldiers from Charleston and also Savannah in late 1782 finally pointed to the end of the dispute. British as well as American mediators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally identified the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris. At the same time, Britain authorized different peace treaties with France as well as Spain (which had actually gotten in the conflict in 1779), bringing the American Revolution to a close after eight lengthy years.
Exactly how the American Flag became
The American flag was developed to stand for the new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red as well as white, as well as thirteen stars, white on a blue area. One of the very first flags had the stars set up in a circle, based upon the concept that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side by side, stood for the battle for independence; red stood for valor, white signified pureness and blue stood for commitment.
In 1818, after a few design changes, the United States Congress chose to maintain the flag’s original thirteen stripes and add brand-new stars to show each new state that joined the union.
While there is no doubt that the actual Betsy Ross deserved interest in her own right, it is the tale of Betsy sewing the first stars and stripes that has made her an unforgettable historic figure. The Betsy Ross story was offered public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also other members of Betsy’s household authorized vouched affidavits specifying that they listened to the story of the making of the initial flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
According to the dental history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her furniture store. On a paper Washington showed, was an illustration of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes and thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy can make a flag from the layout. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, yet I will certainly try.” This line was utilized in the sworn statements of numerous of Betsy’s household participants, recommending that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended altering the stars to 5 points instead than six.
Some historians believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon that gave birth to the concept of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, as well as distinguished civil servant.
He was assigned to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his attention to creating the flag of the United States. Using stars because style is thought to have been the result of an experience in the war straightly pertaining to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s library at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had actually been a gift to him by the author. The soldier, one I. Ewald, created on the within cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia which he, Ewald, had taken the book from a fine country seat near Philadelphia. The book was ultimately given to a person in Philadelphia who returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had created above and below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 six pointed stars and also his family motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The safe return of the book may well have symbolized to Hopkinson the rebirth of the Americans’ wish.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had made “the flag of the United States of America” as well as several ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and also Treasury, and the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had gotten absolutely nothing for this job, and also now he sent a bill as well as asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be an affordable and also proper reward for his labors.
Nevertheless, nobody can be so sure who developed the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the nation. It symbolizes the peoples’ birthright, their heritage of freedom acquired with blood as well as grief. The title deed of freedom, which is the nation’s to delight in as well as keep in trust for posterity. Timeless watchfulness is the price of liberty. As you see the flag silhouetted against the peaceful skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for what you are – no more, no less.
Top American Flags around state of Alaska
As taken from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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