The history of the United States is large as well as intricate, however can be broken down into moments and time periods that separated, combined, and also transformed the United States into the nation it is now. The American flag really did not resemble like it does currently. Apart from that, it underwent a great deal of changes and alterations.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 and enabled the initial 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution ultimately made its way to the United States and also changed the emphasis of the nation’s economic situation and the means it makes products.
For greater than a decade prior to the outbreak of the revolution in 1775, tensions had been building in between colonists as well as the British authorities. These stress emerged from expanding tensions between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and also the colonial government (which stood for the British crown). Attempts by the British government to increase revenue by taxing the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met with heated objection among many colonists, that disliked their absence of depiction in Parliament and required the very same civil liberties as other British subjects. Colonial resistance led to violence in 1770, when British soldiers opened fire on a crowd of colonists, eliminating 5 men in exactly what was referred to as the Boston Massacre. After December 1773, when a band of Bostonians impersonated Mohawk Indians boarded British ships then disposed 342 chests of tea right into Boston Harbor, a furious Parliament passed a series of measures (referred to as the Intolerable, or Coercive Acts) created to reassert royal authority in Massachusetts.
The Continental Congress convened in May 1775 and also agreed to make an army. George Washington was made its commander-in-chief. Congress wished they could force the British to work out yet George III refused to compromise. Rather, in August 1775 he proclaimed that the American colonies remained in a state of disobedience. Meanwhile, rule by royal governor broke down and also the people demanded government without imperial interference. In May 1776 Congress made a decision that imperial government should cease and government ought to be ‘for the people’. Consequently the colonies formulated state constitutions to change their charters.
By the autumn of 1781, the American army had begun to require the opponent to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River clears right into Chesapeake Bay. Stating disease, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington provided the nod to his own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, that approved it. After French support aided the Continental Army require the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually efficiently won their freedom, though the battle would certainly not formally finish up until 1783.
The movement for American independence properly won at Yorktown, contemporary historians did not see that as the crucial victory. British and also American negotiators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3, 1783, Great Britain officially acknowledged the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
Exactly how the American Flag happened
The American flag was made to stand for the brand-new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red and also white, and also thirteen stars, white on a blue field. Among the initial flags had actually the stars organized in a circle, based on the suggestion that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side by side, stood for the battle for independence; red stood for valor, white signified pureness as well as blue stood for commitment.
In 1818, after a few layout changes, the United States Congress made a decision to maintain the flag’s original thirteen stripes and add brand-new stars to show each new state that joined the union.
While there is no doubt that the actual Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the tale of Betsy sewing the initial stars and stripes that has actually made her an extraordinary historical figure. The Betsy Ross tale was brought to public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and various other members of Betsy’s family members signed sworn testimonies stating that they heard the tale of the making of the very first flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, as well as George Ross, saw Betsy Ross in her furniture store. On a piece of paper Washington showed, was an illustration of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes as well as thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the style. Betsy responded: “I do not know, yet I will try.” This line was utilized in the vouched statements of many of Betsy’s household participants, suggesting that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended altering the stars to 5 points rather than six.
Some people believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon that provided birth to the concept of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a popular patriot, a lawyer, a Congressman from New Jersey, an endorser of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, as well as distinguished civil servant.
He was assigned to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his focus on developing the flag of the United States. Making use of stars because layout is thought to have actually been the result of an experience in the battle directly related to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s library at his house in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The soldier, one I. Ewald, composed on the within cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had actually taken the publication from a fine country seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had composed over as well as listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 six pointed stars and his household motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had actually designed “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to several ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty as well as Treasury, as well as the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had obtained absolutely nothing for this job, and currently he sent a bill and also asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would not be a reasonable and proper incentive for his labors.
Also so, nobody could be so certain that produced the American flag. The American flag is the sacred emblem of the country. As you see the flag silhouetted against the peaceful skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for just what you are – no more, no much less.
Top American Flags around West Virginia state
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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