The history of the United States is vast and complex, yet can be broken down right into moments as well as periods that split, linked, as well as transformed the United States right into the nation it is today. The American flag didn’t look like it does now. Besides that, it underwent a great deal of modifications and alterations.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Sometimes referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 as well as enabled the original 13 colonies to stay independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution eventually made its path to the United States as well as changed the emphasis of the country’s economic situation and also the method it produces products.
These problems occurred from growing stress in between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies as well as the colonial government (which represented the British crown). Attempts by the British federal government to raise income by taxing the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met with violent protest amongst several colonists, that resented their lack of depiction in Parliament and demanded the same civil liberties as other British citizens.
George Washington was made its commander-in-chief. Congress hoped they could force the British to discuss but George III rejected to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he declared that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By the autumn of 1781, the American forces had begun to force the opponent to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River clears right into Chesapeake Bay. Claiming disease, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to give up; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington offered the nod to his own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, who approved it. After French help helped the Continental Army require the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually successfully won their self-reliance, though the war would certainly not officially finish til 1783.
The movement for American independence successfully won at Yorktown, modern observers did not see that as the decisive victory. British forces continued to be posted around Charleston, and also the powerful main army still resided in New York. The British removal of their troops from Charleston and Savannah in late 1782 finally indicated completion of the dispute. British as well as American negotiators in Paris authorized initial peace terms in Paris late that November, as well as on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally acknowledged the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris. At the same time, Britain authorized different peace treaties with France and also Spain (which had actually gone into the dispute in 1779), bringing the American Revolution to a close after 8 long years.
How the American Flag came to be
The American flag was designed to represent the new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red as well as white, and also thirteen stars, white on a blue field. Among the very first flags had actually the stars organized in a circle, based upon the concept that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side-by-side, stood for the battle for independence; red meant valiance, white signified pureness and blue represented commitment.
In 1818, after a couple of style modifications, the United States Congress decided to maintain the flag’s initial thirteen stripes and include brand-new stars to reflect each brand-new state that got in the union.
While there is no question that the real Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her very own right, it is the tale of Betsy stitching the first stars and stripes that has made her an unforgettable historical number. The Betsy Ross tale was brought to public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also various other participants of Betsy’s family authorized sworn affidavits specifying that they listened to the story of the making of the first flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the narrative history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her furniture store. She escorted them to her parlor, where they might have a private meeting. Here, Washington took a folded up paper from his inside coat pocket. On it, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes and thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the style. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, yet I will try.” This line was made use of in the vouched statements of many of Betsy’s household members, suggesting that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy suggested altering the stars to 5 points instead than 6.
Some historians think that it was Francis Hopkisnon who offered birth to the suggestion of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a popular patriot, a lawyer, a Congressman from New Jersey, an endorser of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, and also distinguished civil servant.
He was selected to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his attention to making the flag of the United States. Making use of stars in that style is believed to have been the result of an experience in the war straightly related to his propriety.
A publication in Hopkinson’s collection at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had actually been a gift to him by the writer. The soldier, one I. Ewald, created on the inside cover that he had actually seen the writer near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had taken the book from a fine nation seat near Philadelphia. The book was consequently given to a person in Philadelphia that returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had created above and also below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three 6 pointed stars and also his household motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The secure return of the book could well have symbolized to Hopkinson the resurgence of the Americans’ wish.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had actually created “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to numerous ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and Treasury, and also the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had received absolutely nothing for this job, and currently he sent a bill and asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a reasonable as well as correct reward for his labors.
Also so, no one can be so certain who developed the American flag. The American flag is the spiritual emblem of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the tranquil skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for what you are – no more, no much less.
Top American Flags near West Virginia state
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
ZIP codes in Matheny we serve: 24860