The history of the United States is vast and also complex, but can be broken down into moments and also time periods that separated, unified, and also transformed the United States into the nation it is today. The American flag did not appear like it does now. Besides that, it underwent a great deal of changes and also modifications.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Often described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 and permitted the original 13 colonies to stay independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution at some point made its path to the United States and also changed the focus of the nation’s economic climate and the way it makes items.
For greater than a decade before the break out of the revolution in 1775, conflict had actually been developing between colonists and also the British authorities. These stress emerged from growing tensions in between citizens of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and also the early american government (which represented the British crown). Attempts by the British government to raise earnings by taxing the colonies (especially the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 as well as the Tea Act of 1773) met violent protest amongst several colonists, that resented their lack of representation in Parliament and also demanded the exact same civil liberties as other British subjects. Colonial resistance caused physical violence in 1770, when British soldiers opened fire on a mob of colonists, killing five men in what was known as the Boston Massacre. After December 1773, when a band of Bostonians dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded British ships and dumped 342 containers of tea into Boston Harbor, an outraged Parliament passed a series of procedures (called the Intolerable, or Coercive Acts) designed to reassert imperial authority in Massachusetts.
George Washington was made its leader. Congress hoped they might force the British to bargain however George III refused to negotiate. Instead, in August 1775 he declared that all the American colonies were in a state of disobedience.
By June 1776, with the Revolutionary War in full swing, an expanding majority of the colonists had come to favor self-reliance from Britain. That very same year Richard Henry Lee of the Virginia Assembly provided Congress with resolutions declaring the self-reliance of the colonies, requiring a confederation and shared the need to find international allies for a battle against Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress elected to adopt the Declaration of Independence, drafted by a five-man board including Franklin and also John Adams but composed generally by Jefferson. By the autumn of 1781, the American forces had begun to require the adversary to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Backed up by a French army commanded by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with an overall of around 14,000 soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French battleships offshore avoided British support or evacuation. Trapped as well as subdued, the adversary was forced to surrender their entire army. Stating health problems, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his very own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, who approved it. After French support assisted the Continental Army compel the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually efficiently won their freedom, though fighting would certainly not officially end up until 1783.
Though the motion for American freedom properly triumphed at Yorktown, modern historians did not see that as the decisive success yet. British armies remained stationed around Charleston, and also the effective major army still stayed in New York. The British removal of their troops from Charleston and also Savannah in late 1782 finally indicated completion of the dispute. British and American negotiators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally acknowledged the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris. At the same time, Britain signed different peace treaties with France and Spain (which had actually gotten in the conflict in 1779), bringing the American Revolution to a close after 8 long years.
How the American Flag came to be
The American flag was designed to stand for the new union of the thirteen initial states: it would have thirteen stripes, alternate red and white, and also thirteen stars, white on a blue field. Among the very first flags had the stars arranged in a circle, based on the suggestion that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side by side, represented the battle for freedom; red represented valor, white signified pureness and also blue stood for commitment.
In 1818, after a few layout modifications, the United States Congress made a decision to keep the flag’s initial thirteen stripes and also add brand-new stars to show each brand-new state that got in the union.
While there is no question that the actual Betsy Ross deserved interest in her own right, it is the tale of Betsy sewing the initial stars and stripes that has made her an unforgettable historic number. The Betsy Ross tale was given spotlight in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and various other members of Betsy’s family members signed vouched testimonies specifying that they listened to the story of the making of the first flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, as well as George Ross, saw Betsy Ross in her upholstery shop. On a paper Washington showed, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes as well as thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the layout. Betsy reacted: “I do not know, but I will attempt.” This line was used in the sworn statements of a lot of Betsy’s members of the family, recommending that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy suggested transforming the stars to 5 points as opposed to six. She demonstrated to them how you can do it with simply one snip of her scissors. They all agreed to change the style to have stars with five points.
Nevertheless, some people believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon that gave birth to the concept of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, and also distinguished civil servant.
He was assigned to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his focus on creating the flag of the United States. Using stars in that layout is believed to have actually been the result of an experience in the war straightly pertaining to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s library at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had actually been a present to him by the author. The soldier, an I. Ewald, created on the within cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia which he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a great nation seat near Philadelphia. The book was consequently provided to a person in Philadelphia who returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had actually composed above as well as below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 six pointed stars and his household motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The safe return of the book may well have actually represented to Hopkinson the rebirth of the Americans’ wish.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had created “the flag of the United States of America” as well as several ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and also Treasury, and also the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had actually received absolutely nothing for this work, as well as now he sent a bill and also asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a sensible and also proper incentive for his labors.
Even so, nobody could be so sure who developed the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the tranquil skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag stands for what you are – no more, no much less.
Top American Flags close to state of Connecticut
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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