The background of the United States is substantial and complex, however can be broken down into milestones and time periods that separated, unified, and also changed the United States into the nation it is today. The American flag did not look like it does now. Other than that, it underwent a lot of changes as well as alterations.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 as well as permitted the original 13 colonies to stay independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution ultimately made its way to the United States and changed the focus of the country’s economy and also the means it manufactures items.
These conflicts arose from growing stress in between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government (which represented the British crown). Efforts by the British government to raise profits by collectin tax from the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met with heated objection among several colonists, that disliked their lack of representation in Parliament as well as demanded the same legal rights as other British subjects.
George Washington was made its commander-in-chief. Congress hoped they could require the British to discuss yet George III rejected to compromise. Instead, in August 1775 he declared that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By June 1776, with the Revolutionary War in full swing, a growing bulk of the colonists had actually come to favor freedom from Britain. That exact same year Richard Henry Lee of the Virginia Assembly presented Congress with resolutions stating the self-reliance of the colonies, asking for a confederation and expressed the need to find international allies for a war versus Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress elected to adopt the Declaration of Independence, composed by a five-man board including Franklin as well as John Adams but composed mainly by Jefferson. By the autumn of 1781, the American army had actually begun to force the enemy to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Backed up by a French army led by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total amount of around 14,000 soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French battleships offshore stopped British support or evacuation. Entrapped and also subdued, the enemy was forced to surrender their entire army. Stating disease, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to give up; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, that accepted it. After French aid helped the Continental Army compel the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually properly won their freedom, though combatting would not officially end til 1783.
The movement for American freedom successfully won at Yorktown, modern observers did not see that as the crucial victory. British and also American arbitrators in Paris authorized preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain officially recognized the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
How the American Flag happened
The American flag was developed to represent the brand-new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red and white, and also thirteen stars, white on a blue field. Among the first flags had actually the stars organized in a circle, based on the concept that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side by side, represented the struggle for freedom; red represented valiance, white signified purity as well as blue stood for commitment.
In 1818, after a few layout adjustments, the United States Congress made a decision to retain the flag’s initial thirteen stripes and also include brand-new stars to reflect each brand-new state that joined the union.
While there is no question that the actual Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the tale of Betsy stitching the first stars and stripes that has actually made her an unforgettable historical figure. The Betsy Ross tale was given public attention in 1870 by her grand son, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and various other members of Betsy’s family authorized vouched affidavits specifying that they heard the story of the making of the initial flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, as well as George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her furniture shop. On a piece of paper Washington showed, was an illustration of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes and also thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the layout. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, yet I will attempt.” This line was made use of in the sworn statements of most of Betsy’s family members, recommending that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy suggested changing the stars to five points as opposed to six. She showed them the best ways to do it with simply one snip of her scissors. They all accepted to transform the design to have stars with 5 points.
Nonetheless, some people believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon that brought to life the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a popular patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, an endorser of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, and identified civil servant.
He was appointed to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his attention to making the flag of the United States. The use of stars in that style is thought to have been the result of an experience in the war straightly pertaining to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s collection at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had actually been a present to him by the writer. The soldier, one I. Ewald, created on the inside cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia which he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a fine nation seat near Philadelphia. The book was ultimately given to a person in Philadelphia who returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had composed above as well as below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three 6 pointed stars and also his household motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The secure return of the book might well have represented to Hopkinson the resurgence of the Americans’ hope.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had created “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to numerous ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty as well as Treasury, as well as the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had obtained nothing for this work, as well as currently he submitted a bill as well as asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a reasonable and correct reward for his labors.
Even so, no one can be so certain who developed the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the country. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the calm skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for just what you are – no more, no much less.
Top American Flags in West Virginia state
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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