The history of the United States is vast and also complex, but can be broken down into moments as well as periods that divided, linked, and changed the United States right into the nation it is now. The American flag really did not look like it does currently. Other than that, it underwent a lot of changes as well as modifications.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Often described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 and also allowed the initial 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution at some point made its way to the United States and changed the emphasis of the country’s economic situation as well as the method it produces products.
These conflicts occurred from growing stress in between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the early american government (which stood for the British crown). Efforts by the British federal government to elevate revenue by collectin tax from the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met with violent protest amongst many colonists, who disliked their absence of depiction in Parliament and demanded the very same rights as other British subjects.
George Washington was made its leader. Congress hoped they might compel the British to bargain yet George III refused to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he stated that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By the fall of 1781, the American army had actually managed to require the enemy to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River clears right into Chesapeake Bay. Claiming disease, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his very own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, who accepted it. After French assistance helped the Continental Army force the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had successfully won their independence, though the war would certainly not officially finish until 1783.
The motion for American freedom successfully won at Yorktown, modern observers did not see that as the decisive success. British and also American mediators in Paris authorized initial peace terms in Paris late that November, as well as on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally recognized the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
How the American Flag happened
The American flag was created to represent the new union of the thirteen initial states: it would have thirteen stripes, alternate red and white, and also thirteen stars, white on a blue field. Among the very first flags had actually the stars set up in a circle, based upon the idea that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side by side, represented the struggle for independence; red meant valor, white signified purity as well as blue represented loyalty.
In 1818, after a few layout modifications, the United States Congress decided to maintain the flag’s original thirteen stripes and also include brand-new stars to reflect each brand-new state that joined the union.
While there is no question that the real Betsy Ross deserved interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the initial stars and stripes that has made her an unforgettable historical figure. The Betsy Ross story was brought to spotlight in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby as well as other members of Betsy’s family members signed vouched affidavits stating that they listened to the story of the production of the first flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, visited Betsy Ross in her upholstery shop. She accompanied them to her parlor, where they might have a private meeting. Right here, Washington pulled a folded up piece of paper from his inside jacket pocket. On it, was a sketch of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes and also thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the layout. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, yet I will attempt.” This line was used in the sworn statements of many of Betsy’s household participants, recommending that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the tale goes, Betsy recommended changing the stars to 5 points instead compared to 6.
Nevertheless, some people think that it was Francis Hopkisnon who brought to life the suggestion of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a preferred patriot, a lawyer, a Congressman from New Jersey, an endorser of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, and also identified civil servant.
He was selected to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his attention to making the flag of the United States. Using stars because layout is believed to have actually been the result of an experience in the battle straightly pertaining to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s collection at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had been a gift to him by the author. The soldier, an I. Ewald, created on the within cover that he had actually seen the writer near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a great country seat near Philadelphia. The book was subsequently given to a person in Philadelphia who returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had created over and below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three 6 pointed stars and his family slogan, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The safe return of the book might well have signified to Hopkinson the resurgence of the Americans’ hope.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had designed “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to a number of ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and Treasury, and the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had received nothing for this work, as well as now he sent a bill and also asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a practical and also correct incentive for his labors.
Even so, nobody could be so sure who produced the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted against the peaceful skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag stands for just what you are – no more, no less.
Top American Flags near state of Illinois
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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