The history of the United States is substantial as well as complicated, but can be broken down right into milestones and also periods that divided, merged, and transformed the United States right into the country it is today. The American flag really did not appear like it does now. Other than that, it undertook a great deal of changes as well as adjustments.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Sometimes referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 and also enabled the original 13 colonies to remain independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution ultimately made its path to the United States and changed the focus of the nation’s economy and also the means it makes items.
These problems developed from growing stress between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the early american government (which stood for the British crown). Attempts by the British government to raise income by taxing the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and also the Tea Act of 1773) met with negative objection amongst numerous colonists, that resented their lack of representation in Parliament and demanded the same civil liberties as other British people.
George Washington was made its commander in chief. Congress hoped they could require the British to discuss however George III rejected to negotiate. Instead, in August 1775 he declared that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By June 1776, with the Revolutionary War in full swing, a growing bulk of the colonists had pertained to favor independence from Britain. That exact same year Richard Henry Lee of the Virginia Assembly presented Congress with resolutions declaring the independence of the colonies, requiring a confederation as well as revealed the should find international allies for a war against Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress elected to adopt the Declaration of Independence, prepared by a five-man board including Franklin and also John Adams yet written mostly by Jefferson. By the autumn of 1781, the American forces had actually begun to compel the enemy to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Supported by a French military commanded by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total amount of around 14,000 soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French warships offshore stopped British reinforcement or escape. Caught as well as subdued, the opponent was required to surrender their entire military. Claiming illness, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, that accepted it. After French aid helped the Continental Army compel the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had properly won their freedom, though combatting would not officially finish until 1783.
The motion for American freedom properly won at Yorktown, modern historians did not see that as the definitive triumph. British as well as American mediators in Paris authorized initial peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally acknowledged the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
How the American Flag came to be
The American flag was made to stand for the new union of the thirteen initial states: it would have thirteen stripes, alternating red and white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue field. Among the first flags had actually the stars arranged in a circle, based upon the idea that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side by side, represented the struggle for freedom; red represented valor, white signified pureness and blue represented commitment.
In 1818, after a few design adjustments, the United States Congress chose to maintain the flag’s original thirteen stripes as well as add new stars to show each brand-new state that entered the union.
While there is no question that the actual Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the tale of Betsy sewing the first stars and stripes that has actually made her an extraordinary historic number. The Betsy Ross story was brought to spotlight in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby as well as other participants of Betsy’s family signed vouched affidavits stating that they heard the tale of the production of the first flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, as well as George Ross, saw Betsy Ross in her furniture store. On a piece of paper Washington revealed, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes and also thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy might make a flag from the design. Betsy responded: “I don’t know, yet I will attempt.” This line was made use of in the sworn declarations of many of Betsy’s household members, recommending that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended altering the stars to five points instead than 6.
However, some historians think that it was Francis Hopkisnon that gave birth to the concept of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a prominent patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, an endorser of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, and identified civil servant.
He was assigned to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his focus on developing the flag of the United States. The use of stars in that design is thought to have been the result of an experience in the war directly related to his propriety.
A publication in Hopkinson’s collection at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The book, Discourses on Public Occasions in America (London, 1762) by William Smith, D.D., had actually been a present to him by the author. The soldier, one I. Ewald, wrote on the inside cover that he had actually seen the writer near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a fine nation seat near Philadelphia. The book was subsequently offered to someone in Philadelphia that returned it to Hopkinson. The soldier had actually composed over as well as below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three six pointed stars and also his household slogan, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”. The secure return of the book could well have actually represented to Hopkinson the rebirth of the Americans’ hope.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had created “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to numerous ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship papers, the seals of the boards of Admiralty as well as Treasury, and also the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had obtained nothing for this job, as well as currently he submitted a bill and asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a sensible as well as proper incentive for his labors.
Even so, nobody can be so certain that produced the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the relaxed skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag stands for exactly what you are – no more, no less.
Top American Flags near state of Rhode Island
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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