The background of the United States is vast as well as complicated, yet can be broken down into milestones as well as periods that divided, unified, and transformed the United States right into the country it is today. The American flag really did not appear like it does now. Aside from that, it went through a lot of modifications and also modifications.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Sometimes described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a conflict which lasted from 1775-1783 and also permitted the original 13 colonies to remain independent from Great Britain. Starting in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution at some point made its path to the United States and changed the emphasis of the nation’s economic situation and also the method it makes products.
These conflicts emerged from growing tensions in between locals of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the early american government (which represented the British crown). Efforts by the British government to increase income by taxing the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met with negative objection amongst lots of colonists, who resented their absence of depiction in Parliament and also required the same rights as other British citizens.
The Continental Congress met in May 1775 as well as agreed to create an army. George Washington was made its commander in chief. Congress hoped they can force the British to bargain but George III chose not to compromise. Instead, in August 1775 he stated that the American colonies were in a state of rebellion. Rule by royal governor broke down and the individuals required government without imperial intervention. In May 1776 Congress determined that royal government should stop and government must be ‘for individuals’. Consequently the colonies prepared state constitutions to change their charters.
By June 1776, with the Revolutionary War in progress, a growing majority of the colonists had come to prefer self-reliance from Britain. That exact same year Richard Henry Lee of the Virginia Assembly provided Congress with resolutions proclaiming the self-reliance of the colonies, calling for a confederation as well as revealed the have to find foreign allies for a war versus Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress elected to adopt the Declaration of Independence, prepared by a five-man board consisting of Franklin and John Adams yet composed primarily by Jefferson. By the fall of 1781, the American forces had managed to compel the opponent to retreat to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties right into Chesapeake Bay. Backed up by a French army led by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total amount of around 14,000 soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French battleships offshore avoided British reinforcement or evacuation. Trapped and also overpowered, the adversary was forced to surrender their whole army. Stating ailments, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to give up; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his very own replacement, Benjamin Lincoln, that approved it. After French help aided the Continental Army require the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually effectively won their freedom, though fighting would not officially finish up until 1783.
The movement for American independence successfully triumphed at Yorktown, contemporary historians did not see that as the decisive success. British as well as American negotiators in Paris signed initial peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain officially acknowledged the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
How the American Flag came to be
The American flag was designed to stand for the new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternating red and also white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue area. One of the first flags had actually the stars organized in a circle, based on the idea that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, laid out side by side, stood for the battle for freedom; red meant valor, white signified purity as well as blue stood for loyalty.
In 1818, after a few layout adjustments, the United States Congress decided to keep the flag’s original thirteen stripes as well as add new stars to show each brand-new state that joined the union.
While there is no doubt that the actual Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the tale of Betsy stitching the first stars and stripes that has actually made her an extraordinary historic figure. The Betsy Ross story was brought to spotlight in 1870 by her grand son, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and various other members of Betsy’s family authorized sworn affidavits stating that they heard the tale of the making of the initial flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, saw Betsy Ross in her furniture store. On a paper Washington showed, was a sketch of a flag with thirteen red and also white stripes as well as thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the style. Betsy reacted: “I don’t know, however I will try.” This line was used in the vouched statements of numerous of Betsy’s family members, suggesting that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the tale goes, Betsy recommended changing the stars to 5 points instead than 6.
Some people believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon that gave birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a preferred patriot, a lawyer, a Congressman from New Jersey, an endorser of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, and also identified civil servant.
He was assigned to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his focus on making the flag of the United States. Using stars in that design is thought to have actually been the outcome of an experience in the war straightly related to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s collection at his residence in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The soldier, an I. Ewald, created on the inside cover that he had seen the author near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a great nation seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually composed over and listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three 6 pointed stars and his family slogan, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had actually created “the flag of the United States of America” as well as numerous ornaments, devices, and checks appearing on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and also Treasury, as well as the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had received nothing for this job, and also currently he sent a bill and also asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be an affordable and proper reward for his labors.
Even so, no one can be so certain who developed the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the nation. It represents the peoples’ birthright, their heritage of liberty acquired with blood as well as grief. The title deed of freedom, which is the country’s to appreciate as well as keep in trust for posterity. Infinite watchfulness is the cost of liberty. As you see the flag silhouetted against the calm skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag represents just what you are – no more, no much less.
Best American Flags near West Virginia state
As taken from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
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