American Flag around Unalaska AK 99685

The American Revolutionary War
How the American Flag came to be

The history of the United States is vast and also complicated, however can be broken down into milestones and periods that separated, linked, and also changed the United States into the country it is now. The American flag didn’t appear like it does now. Other than that, it underwent a lot of changes as well as alterations.

The American Revolutionary War

Enter the American Revolution. Often described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 and permitted the original 13 colonies to stay independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution ultimately made its path to the United States as well as transformed the focus of the country’s economic situation as well as the way it produces items.

For greater than 10 years prior to the episode of the revolution in 1775, tensions had been building between colonists and also the British authorities. These stress occurred from expanding tensions in between citizens of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and also the colonial government (which stood for the British crown). Efforts by the British government to raise profits by taxing the colonies (significantly the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 as well as the Tea Act of 1773) met negative protest among numerous colonists, who resented their absence of depiction in Parliament and demanded the very same rights as various other British subjects. Colonial resistance led to physical violence in 1770, when British soldiers opened fire on a mob of colonists, eliminating five people in what was referred to as the Boston Massacre. After December 1773, when a band of Bostonians dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded British ships and unloaded 342 containers of tea right into Boston Harbor, an annoyed Parliament passed a series of actions (known as the Intolerable, or Coercive Acts) made to reassert royal authority in Massachusetts.

via Wikimedia Commons

The Continental Congress met in May 1775 and also consented to build an army. George Washington was made its commander-in-chief. Congress hoped they could force the British to work out however George III chose not to negotiate. Rather, in August 1775 he stated that the American colonies were in a state of rebellion. Rule by royal governor broke down as well as the people demanded government without imperial intervention. In May 1776 Congress determined that imperial government needs to discontinue as well as government must be ‘under the authority of individuals’. Ultimately the colonies drew up state constitutions to replace their charters.

By the fall of 1781, the American forces had begun to compel the enemy to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River clears right into Chesapeake Bay. Claiming ailments, the British general sent his deputy, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, who approved it. After French help helped the Continental Army require the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had actually successfully won their freedom, though the war would certainly not formally finish until 1783.

The motion for American freedom efficiently won at Yorktown, contemporary historians did not see that as the definitive victory. British forces stayed based around Charleston, and also the effective main army still resided in New York. The British removal of their soldiers from Charleston as well as Savannah in late 1782 ultimately pointed to the end of the conflict. British as well as American arbitrators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, as well as on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally acknowledged the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris. At the same time, Britain authorized different peace treaties with France and also Spain (which had gotten in the conflict in 1779), bringing the American Revolution to a close after 8 long years.

Exactly how the American Flag came to be

The American flag was made to represent the brand-new union of the thirteen original states: it would have thirteen stripes, alternating red and white, as well as thirteen stars, white on a blue area. One of the first flags had actually the stars arranged in a circle, based on the idea that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side by side, represented the battle for independence; red stood for valiance, white signified pureness as well as blue represented loyalty.

In 1818, after a couple of design changes, the United States Congress decided to retain the flag’s initial thirteen stripes and add new stars to reflect each new state that joined the union.

While there is no doubt that the actual Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the tale of Betsy sewing the very first stars and stripes that has made her a remarkable historical figure. The Betsy Ross story was brought to public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also other members of Betsy’s household authorized vouched affidavits mentioning that they heard the story of the making of the initial flag from Betsy’s own mouth.

According to the dental background, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and also George Ross, visited Betsy Ross in her upholstery store. On a piece of paper Washington showed, was a sketch of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes and thirteen six-pointed stars.

Washington asked if Betsy might make a flag from the layout. Betsy responded: “I do not know, however I will certainly try.” This line was utilized in the vouched declarations of many of Betsy’s members of the family, recommending that it is a direct quote from Betsy. As the tale goes, Betsy suggested altering the stars to five points rather than 6. She demonstrated to them ways to do it with simply one snip of her scissors. They all accepted to transform the design to have stars with 5 points.

Some chroniclers believe that it was Francis Hopkisnon who provided birth to the concept of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a preferred patriot, an attorney, a Congressman from New Jersey, an endorser of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, and distinguished civil servant.

He was assigned to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while serving on the Continental Navy Board that he turned his attention to designing the flag of the United States. Using stars in that design is thought to have been the result of an experience in the battle directly pertaining to his propriety.

A publication in Hopkinson’s collection at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The soldier, an I. Ewald, wrote on the within cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia as well as that he, Ewald, had taken the publication from a fine country seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually composed over and listed below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three six pointed stars as well as his household slogan, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.

In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had actually developed “the flag of the United States of America” along with several ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship papers, the seals of the boards of Admiralty and Treasury, and the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had actually obtained absolutely nothing for this job, and now he sent a bill as well as asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a practical as well as appropriate reward for his labors.

Nevertheless, no one can be so certain that developed the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the country. It represents the peoples’ birthright, their heritage of freedom purchased with blood as well as sorrow. The title deed of liberty, which is the country’s to appreciate and hold in trust for posterity. Everlasting vigilance is the price of freedom. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the serene skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag means what you are – no more, no much less.

Best American Flags around state of Alaska

As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:

O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

ZIP codes in Unalaska we serve: 99685