The history of the United States is vast as well as complicated, but can be broken down right into moments and also periods that separated, unified, as well as transformed the United States right into the nation it is today. The American flag really did not appear like it does now. Besides that, it undertook a great deal of modifications and alterations.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Occasionally described as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 and also allowed the original 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution at some point made its way to the United States and also changed the focus of the nation’s economic situation as well as the means it produces items.
For greater than 10 years before the episode of the revolution in 1775, tensions had been developing between colonists as well as the British authorities. These tensions developed from expanding stress in between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and also the colonial government (which stood for the British crown). Efforts by the British government to raise income by taxing the colonies (notably the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and also the Tea Act of 1773) met with violent objection among numerous colonists, that disliked their absence of depiction in Parliament and also required the same rights as other British people. Colonial resistance caused physical violence in 1770, when British soldiers opened fire on a crowd of colonists, killing five people in just what was called the Boston Massacre. After December 1773, when a band of Bostonians impersonated Mohawk Indians boarded British ships and unloaded 342 chests of tea right into Boston Harbor, an annoyed Parliament passed a series of steps (known as the Intolerable, or Coercive Acts) made to reassert royal authority in Massachusetts.
George Washington was made its commander in chief. Congress wished they could force the British to work out however George III rejected to compromise. Instead, in August 1775 he declared that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By June 1776, with the Revolutionary War in full swing, a growing majority of the colonists had actually come to favor freedom from Britain. That exact same year Richard Henry Lee of the Virginia Assembly offered Congress with resolutions proclaiming the independence of the colonies, asking for a confederation as well as expressed the have to find foreign allies for a battle versus Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress elected to embrace the Declaration of Independence, drafted by a five-man committee consisting of Franklin and John Adams yet written primarily by Jefferson. By the autumn of 1781, the American army had actually begun to compel the opponent to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties right into Chesapeake Bay. Supported by a French military led by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total amount of around 14,000 soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French battleships offshore avoided British support or evacuation. Entrapped as well as subdued, the adversary was forced to surrender their whole military. Stating health problems, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to surrender; after O’Hara came close to Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington gave the nod to his very own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, who approved it. After French help helped the Continental Army force the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had successfully won their self-reliance, though the battle would not formally finish up until 1783.
The movement for American freedom efficiently won at Yorktown, modern historians did not see that as the decisive victory. British and American mediators in Paris authorized initial peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally recognized the freedom of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
Just how the American Flag came to be
The American flag was developed to stand for the brand-new union of the thirteen original states: it would have thirteen stripes, alternating red and white, as well as thirteen stars, white on a blue area. Among the initial flags had the stars arranged in a circle, based on the suggestion that all colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side-by-side, represented the battle for freedom; red stood for valiance, white signified purity and also blue represented loyalty.
In 1818, after a few layout changes, the United States Congress chose to maintain the flag’s original thirteen stripes and add new stars to reflect each new state that joined the union.
While there is no doubt that the genuine Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy stitching the initial stars and stripes that has actually made her a remarkable historic number. The Betsy Ross tale was brought to spotlight in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby as well as other members of Betsy’s family signed sworn testimonies specifying that they heard the story of the making of the very first flag from Betsy’s very own mouth.
Based on the oral history, in 1776, 3 men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, went to Betsy Ross in her furniture store. She escorted them to her parlor, where they might have a private meeting. Here, Washington took a folded piece of paper from his inside coat pocket. On it, was a drawing of a flag with thirteen red as well as white stripes as well as thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the design. Betsy responded: “I do not know, yet I will attempt.” This line was made use of in the sworn declarations of many of Betsy’s household members, suggesting that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the story goes, Betsy recommended changing the stars to five points rather compared to six.
Some chroniclers think that it was Francis Hopkisnon who gave birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a preferred patriot, a legal representative, a Congressman from New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, poet, artist, as well as distinguished civil servant.
He was selected to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his attention to creating the flag of the United States. The use of stars in that style is believed to have been the outcome of an experience in the battle straightly pertaining to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s collection at his home in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the war. The soldier, an I. Ewald, composed on the within cover that he had actually seen the author near Philadelphia and that he, Ewald, had actually taken the book from a great country seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually created above and below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had three six pointed stars as well as his family motto, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson asserted that he had designed “the flag of the United States of America” as well as numerous ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship papers, the seals of the boards of Admiralty as well as Treasury, and the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had received absolutely nothing for this job, as well as currently he sent a bill and asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would certainly not be a reasonable and also appropriate reward for his labors.
Also so, no one could be so certain that created the American flag. The American flag is the spiritual symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the calm skies of the country, you are reminded that the American flag stands for exactly what you are – no more, no less.
Best American Flags around state of Connecticut
As quoted from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
ZIP codes in Vernon Rockville we serve: 06066