The history of the United States is vast and complicated, yet can be broken down into moments as well as periods that separated, unified, and also altered the United States into the country it is now. The American flag really did not look like it does now. Other than that, it underwent a lot of changes and alterations.
The American Revolutionary War
Enter the American Revolution. Sometimes referred to as the American War of Independence, or the Revolutionary War, it was a war which lasted from 1775-1783 as well as permitted the original 13 colonies to continue to be independent from Great Britain. Beginning in Great Britain in the late 1790s, the Industrial Revolution eventually made its way to the United States as well as transformed the emphasis of the nation’s economic situation and also the method it manufactures items.
For greater than 10 years prior to the outbreak of the revolution in 1775, conflict had been building in between colonists as well as the British authorities. These stress arose from growing stress between citizens of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government (which stood for the British crown). Efforts by the British government to raise earnings by collecting tax from the colonies (notably the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773) met with heated demonstration amongst many colonists, who resented their lack of representation in Parliament as well as required the same legal rights as other British people. Colonial resistance brought about physical violence in 1770, when British soldiers opened fire on a mob of colonists, killing five men in what was known as the Boston Massacre. After December 1773, when a band of Bostonians dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded British ships then discarded 342 containers of tea right into Boston Harbor, an annoyed Parliament passed a series of actions (called the Intolerable, or Coercive Acts) created to reassert imperial authority in Massachusetts.
George Washington was made its commander-in-chief. Congress wished they can require the British to negotiate however George III rejected to compromise. Rather, in August 1775 he declared that all the American colonies were in a state of rebellion.
By the autumn of 1781, the American forces had managed to compel the opponent to withdraw to Virginia’s Yorktown peninsula, near where the York River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Stating health problems, the British general sent his replacement, Charles O’Hara, to give up; after O’Hara approached Rochambeau to surrender his sword (the Frenchman deferred to Washington), Washington offered the nod to his very own deputy, Benjamin Lincoln, that accepted it. After French support helped the Continental Army compel the British abandonment at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had properly won their independence, though combatting would not officially end until 1783.
Though the movement for American independence effectively won at Yorktown, modern historians did not see that as the decisive success yet. British armies continued to be stationed around Charleston, as well as the powerful main military still resided in New York. The British removal of their troops from Charleston as well as Savannah in late 1782 ultimately pointed to completion of the conflict. British and American negotiators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and also on September 3, 1783, Great Britain formally recognized the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris. At the same time, Britain signed different peace treaties with France as well as Spain (which had actually gotten in the dispute in 1779), bringing the American Revolution to a close after eight lengthy years.
Just how the American Flag became
The American flag was created to stand for the brand-new union of the thirteen original states: it would certainly have thirteen stripes, alternate red and also white, and thirteen stars, white on a blue area. One of the first flags had actually the stars laid out in a circle, based upon the idea that colonies were equal. The thirteen stripes, resting side-by-side, stood for the battle for freedom; red stood for valor, white signified purity and also blue stood for commitment.
In 1818, after a couple of design adjustments, the United States Congress made a decision to preserve the flag’s original thirteen stripes as well as include brand-new stars to reflect each new state that got in the union.
While there is no doubt that the real Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her very own right, it is the legend of Betsy stitching the initial stars and stripes that has actually made her an extraordinary historical figure. The Betsy Ross story was given spotlight in 1870 by her grand son, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and also other members of Betsy’s family members signed vouched affidavits stating that they listened to the tale of the production of the initial flag from Betsy’s own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, three men – George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, saw Betsy Ross in her furniture shop. She escorted them to her parlor, where they could have a private meeting. Here, Washington took a folded piece of paper from his inside jacket pocket. On it, was an illustration of a flag with thirteen red as well as white stripes and also thirteen 6-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the design. Betsy responded: “I do not know, however I will certainly attempt.” This line was made use of in the vouched statements of numerous of Betsy’s family members, recommending that it is a straight quote from Betsy. As the tale goes, Betsy recommended altering the stars to 5 points rather compared to six.
Some chroniclers think that it was Francis Hopkisnon who gave birth to the idea of the Stars and Stripes. Francis Hopkinson was a popular patriot, a lawyer, a Congressman from New Jersey, an endorser of the Declaration of Independence, poet, musician, and also identified civil servant.
He was designated to the Continental Navy Board on November 6,1776. It was while working on the Continental Navy Board that he transformed his focus on designing the flag of the United States. Using stars because design is thought to have been the outcome of an experience in the war directly related to his propriety.
A book in Hopkinson’s library at his residence in Bordentown was taken by a Hessian soldier in December 1776, a dark year of the battle. The soldier, an I. Ewald, created on the inside cover that he had seen the writer near Philadelphia as well as that he, Ewald, had taken the publication from a fine nation seat near Philadelphia. The soldier had actually written above and below Hopkinson’s bookplate, which had 3 six pointed stars as well as his household slogan, “Semper Paratus”, or “Always Ready”.
In a letter to the Board of Admiralty in 1780 Hopkinson insisted that he had actually created “the flag of the United States of America” in addition to numerous ornaments, devices, and checks showing up on bills of exchange, ship documents, the seals of the boards of Admiralty as well as Treasury, and also the Great Seal of the United States. Hopkinson had received nothing for this job, as well as currently he sent a bill and asked “whether a Quarter Cask of the public wine” would not be an affordable as well as proper incentive for his labors.
Also so, nobody can be so certain who developed the American flag. The American flag is the sacred symbol of the nation. As you see the flag silhouetted in front of the peaceful skies of the nation, you are reminded that the American flag stands for exactly what you are – no more, no much less.
Top American Flags close to state of South Carolina
As taken from the Star Spangled Banner:
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
ZIP codes in Ward we serve: 29166